Prevalencia y comorbilidad de dislipidemias en el primer nivel de atención

Martínez-Hernández, Antonio Francisco; Chávez-Aguirre, Rocío
September 2007
Revista Medica del IMSS;sep/oct2007, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p469
Academic Journal
Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and comorbidity in adults older than 20 years attending to the family medicine clinic # 20 of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social and to compare it with the prevalence in México. Method: the study was conducted in 2005 by using a cross-sectional design; dyslipidemia was ascertained by measuring total cholesterol and triglycerides. Additional variables were: gender, age, health status, and diagnosis of diabetes, hypertension, overweight, and obesity. A standardization procedure and a dry run were carried out before beginning the data collection phase. Results: The study included 165 participants, 35.2 % had hypercholesterolemia and 63.6 % had hypertriglyceridemia. According to the variables, 20.0% of people aged 40 to 59 years of age; 57.1% of women; 40.9% of overweight, 40.9% of obese and 49.5% of healthy patients had hypertriglyceridemia; while 68.9% of women; 44.8% of patients with hypertension, and 51.7 % of overweight patients had hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia were significantly different from previous reports (hypercholesterolemia z < 2.83; p < 0.001; hypertriglyceridemia z = 7.83; p < 00.1), being higher in women and increasing with aging.


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