Management of laparotomy wound dehiscence

Abbott, Daniel E.; Dumanian, Gregory A.; Halverson, Amy L.
December 2007
American Surgeon;Dec2007, Vol. 73 Issue 12, p1224
Academic Journal
journal article
Many studies identify risk factors for dehiscence, but a paucity of data exist suggesting an optimal treatment strategy. This study examines repair of abdominal wound dehiscence, comparing closure and interposition of mesh. We conducted a retrospective review of 37 individuals who suffered a wound dehiscence after laparotomy. Outcomes of repairs with either primary closure or polyglactin mesh interposition were examined. Twenty-seven individuals underwent repair with primary closure. Twelve of these individuals suffered repeat wound dehiscence; 10 were treated with repeat fascial closure, 2 with polyglactin mesh interposition. Seven individuals initially underwent successful repair with polyglactin mesh interposition; all subsequently had their hernias repaired. Three patients had minor fascial separation managed nonoperatively. Primary closure is associated with a relatively high rate of recurrent wound dehiscence. Closure with polyglactin mesh interposition has a higher initial success rate, but necessitates additional surgeries for repair of the abdominal wall defect.


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