Cross-Modal Generalization Effects of Training Noncanonical Sentence Comprehension and

Jacobs, Beverly J.; Thompson, Cynthia K.
February 2000
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2000, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p5
Academic Journal
The cross-modal generalization effects of training complex sentence comprehension and complex sentence production were examined in 4 individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia who showed difficulty comprehending and producing complex, noncanonical sentences. Object-cleft and passive sentences were selected for treatment because the two are linguistically distinct, relying on wh- and NP movement, respectively (Chomsky, 1986). Two participants received comprehension training, and 2 received production training using linguistic specific treatment (LST). LST takes participants through a series of steps that emphasize the verb and verb argument structure, as well as the linguistic movement required to derive target sentences. A single-subject multiple-baseline design across behaviors was used to measure acquisition and generalization within and across sentence types, as well as cross-modal generalization (i.e., from comprehension to production and vice versa) and generalization to discourse. Results indicated that both treatment methods were effective for training comprehension and production of target sentences and that comprehension treatment resulted in generalization to spoken and written sentence production. Sentence production treatment generalized to written sentence production only; generalization to comprehension did not occur. Across sentence types generalization also did not occur, as predicted, and the effects of treatment on discourse were inconsistent across participants. These data are discussed with regard to models of normal sentence comprehension and production.


Related Articles

  • Effects of Sentence Constraint on Priming in Natural Language Comprehension. Traxler, Matthew J.; Foss, Donald J. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Sep2000, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p1266 

    Investigates the role of sentence constraint in language comprehension. Role of stimulus offset asynchrony in supporting the sentence constraint account; Activation of semantic features on the sentence constraint account; Competition for activation by pre-activated words; Facilitation of...


    Examines the processing of load during sentence comprehension. Determinant of processing load during sentence comprehension; Assessment in the termination of functionally incomplete sequences; Identification of sentence comprehension.

  • Evidence for a Late-Occurring Effect of Phoneme Repetition During Silent Reading. Kennison, Shelia M.; Sieck, Jessica P.; Briesch, Kimberley A. // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;May2003, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p297 

    Two reading experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of phoneme repetition during silent reading (also referred to as the visual tongue-twister effect, see McCutchen & Perfetti, 1982; Perfetti & McCutchen, 1982) in conjunction with end-of-clause and end-of-sentence wrap-up effects...

  • CHILDREN'S COMPREHENSION OF TIME-ALTERED SENTENCES. Bochner, Joseph H. // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun87, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p131 

    Examines the influence of speech timing on children's auditory processing of sentences with a question-answering comprehension task. Presentation of sentences; Administration of three types of sentences; Effects of presentation conditon, sentence type, and grade level.

  • Individual Variation in a Japanese Sentence Comprehension Task: Form, Functions, and Strategies. SASAKI, YOSHINORI // Applied Linguistics;Dec1997, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p508 

    This article reports on follow-up analyses of Sasaki's (in press) competition experiment study of Japanese sentence comprehension strategies. Individual-based analyses are contrasted with group statistics which were reported earlier.A competition experiment was conducted to investigate the...

  • The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension: An Examination of Dual Task Paradigms. Nicol, Janet; Swinney, David; Love, Tracy; Hald, Lea // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;May2006, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p215 

    This paper presents three studies which examine the susceptibility of sentence comprehension to intrusion by extra-sentential probe words in two on-line dual-task techniques commonly used to study sentence processing: the cross-modal lexical priming paradigm and the unimodal all-visual lexical...

  • Temporal References and Temporal Relations in Sentence Comprehension. Gennari, Silvia P. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Jul2004, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p877 

    The author investigated the interpretation of temporal references during comprehension of sentences containing a main and subordinate clause. Experiments 1 and 2 examined state and event subordinate clauses, respectively, and showed that subordinate temporal references overlapping with or close...

  • Discourse Markers in High School English Textbooks in Iran. Reza Talebinejad, Mohammad; Namdar, Azam // Theory & Practice in Language Studies;Nov2011, Vol. 1 Issue 11, p1590 

    Discourse Markers (DMs) are affective factors to connect sentences, hence making the text coherent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reading comprehension sections of Iranian high school English textbooks (IHSETs) to find out the extent of using DMs and their types. To this end,...

  • Cloze probability and completion norms for 498 sentences: Behavioral and neural validation using event-related potentials. BLOCK, CADY K.; BALDWIN, CARRYL L. // Behavior Research Methods;Aug2010, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p665 

    Three decades after their publication, Bloom and Fischler's (1980) sentence completion norms continue to demonstrate widespread utility. The aim of the present study was to extend this contribution by expanding the existing database of high-constraint, high cloze probability sentences. Using the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics