JOBS Implementation in 1991: The Progress of Ten States

Lurie, Irene
June 1992
Publius: The Journal of Federalism;Summer92, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p79
Academic Journal
The Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training Program (JOBS), enacted by the Family Support Act of 1988, provides an array of services intended to increase the earning capacity and labor-force participation of welfare recipients. Because the law gives states discretion in creating JOBS programs, a ten-state, three-year study of JOBS implementation is under way. During federal fiscal year 1991, the first year in which all states must operate JOBS, most of the ten states made incremental changes to the programs they had in place before JOBS. They designed their programs to be flexible enough to cope with uncertainty about the types and availability of service components. As a group, they spent enough to draw down 43 percent of their federal JOBS funds. To obtain education, training, and employment services, state welfare agencies are contracting with many organizations. Most state welfare agencies are also obtaining resources from other agencies without payment. Although states generally implemented JOBS with little fanfare, they all planned to meet the federal mandates for program participation and targeting of expenditures in 1991.


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