Rat epididymal epithelial cells and 17β-estradiol synthesis under hCG stimulation in vitro

Świder-Al-Amawi, Małgorzata; Marchlewicz, Mariola; Kolasa, Agnieszka; Wenda-Różewicka, Lidia; Wiszniewska, Barbara
December 2007
Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica;2007, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p255
Academic Journal
Epithelial cells of human and animal epididymis display features of steroidogenic cells. Rat epididymal epithelial cells in vitro produce androgens which are converted to 17β-estradiol, and released into the medium. The regulation of the epididymal steroidogenesis is not fully understood but it could be expected that it remains under LH influence. In previous study we observed that the morphology of rat epididymal epithelial cells in vitro was affected by hCG and the increase of amount of lipid droplets, glycogen and PAS-positive substances was observed. The present studies show the organelles which take part in synthesis of steroids in rat epididymal epithelial cells in vitro and the effect of hCG on E2 synthesis. The cells were cultured in the medium with/without DHT and without DHT in supplementation with hCG. After hCG stimulation the amount of an active mitochondria were increased when compared to the amount of mitochondria in the epididymal epithelial cells cultured without DHT. Ultrastructure of the cells was similar to the cells cultured with DHT, while the cytoplasm of the cells cultured without DHT was disorganized. The synthesis of 17β-estradiol was stimulated by hCG, that exerted its effect through LH/hCG receptors, localized in the epididymal epithelial cells.


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