TITLE

Progress in direct solid sampling analysis using line source and high-resolution continuum source electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry

AUTHOR(S)
Welz, Bernhard; Vale, Maria Goreti R.; Borges, Daniel L. G.; Heitmann, Uwe
PUB. DATE
December 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2007, Vol. 389 Issue 7/8, p2085
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The literature about direct solid sample analysis of the past 10–15 years using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry has been reviewed. It was found that in the vast majority of publications aqueous standards were reported as having been used for calibration after careful program optimization. This means the frequently expressed claim that certified reference materials with a matrix composition and analyte content close to that of the sample have to be used for calibration in solid sample analysis is not confirmed in the more recent literature. There are obviously limitations, and there are examples in the literature where even calibration with certified reference materials did not lead to accurate results. In these cases the problem is typically associated with spectral interferences that cannot be corrected properly by the systems available for conventional line source atomic absorption spectrometry, including Zeeman-effect background correction. Using high-resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometry, spectral interferences become visible owing to the display of the spectral environment at both sides of the analytical line at high resolution, which makes program optimization straightforward. Any spectrally continuous background absorption is eliminated automatically, and even rapidly changing background absorption does not cause any artifacts, as measurement and correction of background absorption are truly simultaneous. Any kind of fine-structured background can be eliminated by “subtracting” reference spectra using a least-squares algorithm. Aqueous standards are used for calibration in all published applications of high-resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometry to direct solid sample analysis.
ACCESSION #
27657814

 

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