TITLE

Simultaneous determination of harpagoside and cinnamic acid in rat plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography: application to a pharmacokinetic study

AUTHOR(S)
Peifan Li; Yunhui Zhang; Li Xiao; Xinghua Jin; Kun Yang
PUB. DATE
December 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2007, Vol. 389 Issue 7/8, p2259
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Radix Scrophulariae (Xuanshen) is one of the famous Chinese herbal medicines widely used to treat rheumatism, tussis, pharyngalgia, arthritis, constipation, and conjunctival congestion. Harpagoside and cinnamic acid are the main bioactive components of Xuanshen. The purpose of this study was to develop an HPLC–UV method for simultaneous determination of harpagoside and cinnamic acid in rat plasma and investigate pharmacokinetic parameters of harpagoside and cinnamic acid after oral administration of Xuanshen extract (760 mg kg−1). After addition of syringin as internal standard, the analytes were isolated from plasma by liquid–liquid extraction. Separation was achieved on a Kromasil C18 column, and detection was by UV absorption at 272 nm. The described assay was validated in terms of linearity, accuracy, precision, recovery, and limit of quantification according to the FDA validation guidelines. Calibration curves for both analytes were linear with the coefficient of variation ( r) for both was greater than 0.999. Accuracy for harpagoside and cinnamic acid ranged from 100.7–103.5% and 96.9–102.9%, respectively, and precision for both analytes were less than 8.5%. The main pharmacokinetic parameters found for harpagoside and cinnamic acid after oral infusion of Xuanshen extract were as follows: C max 1488.7 ± 205.9 and 556.8 ± 94.2 ng mL−1, T max 2.09 ± 0.31 and (1.48 ± 0.14 h, AUC0–24 10336.4 ± 1426.8 and 3653.1 ± 456.4 ng h mL−1, $$ AUC_{{0 - \infty }} $$ 11276.8 ± 1321.4 and 3704.5 ± 398.8 ng h mL−1, and t 1/2 4.9 ± 1.3 and 2.5 ± 0.9 h, respectively. These results indicated that the proposed method is simple, selective, and feasible for pharmacokinetic study of Radix Scrophulariae extract in rats. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
27657798

 

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