Immobilised tyrosinase-based biosensor for the detection of tea polyphenols

Abhijith, K. S.; Sujith Kumar, P. V.; Kumar, M. A.; Thakur, M. S.
December 2007
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2007, Vol. 389 Issue 7/8, p2227
Academic Journal
An amperometric principle-based biosensor containing immobilized enzyme tyrosinase has been used for detection of polyphenols in tea. The immobilized tyrosinase-based biosensor could detect tea polyphenols in the concentration range 10–80 mmol L−1. Immobilization of the enzyme by the crosslinking method gave good stable response to tea polyphenols. The biosensor response reached the steady state within 5 min. The voltage response was found to have a direct linear relationship with the concentration of polyphenols in black tea samples. Enzyme membrane fouling was observed with number of analyses with a single immobilised enzyme membrane. The tyrosinase-based biosensor gave maximum response to tea polyphenols at 30°C. The optimum pH was 7.0. This biosensor system can be applied for analysis of tea polyphenols. Variation in the biosensor response to black tea infusions gave an indication of the different amounts of theaflavins in the samples, which is an important parameter in evaluating tea quality. A comparative study of the quality attributes of a variety of commercially available brands of tea were performed using the biosensor and conventional analytical techniques such as spectrophotometry.


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