TITLE

Raised protein levels and altered cellular expression of factor VII activating protease (FSAP) in the lungs of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

AUTHOR(S)
Wygrecka, Malgorzata; Markart, Philipp; Fink, Ludger; Guenther, Andreas; Preissner, Klaus T.
PUB. DATE
October 2007
SOURCE
Thorax;Oct2007, Vol. 62 Issue 10, p880
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterised by inflammation of the lung parenchyma and changes in alveolar haemostasis with extravascular fibrin deposition. Factor VII activating protease (FSAP) is a recently described serine protease in plasma and tissues known to be involved in haemostasis, cell proliferation and migration. Methods: The level of FSAP protein expression was examined by western blotting/ELISA/immunohisto- chemistry and its activity was investigated by coagulation/fibrinolysis assays in plasma, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and lung tissue of mechanically ventilated patients with early ARDS and compared with patients with cardiogenic pulmonary oedema and healthy controls. Cell culture experiments were performed to assess the influence of different inflammatory stimuli on FSAP expression by various cell populations of the lung. Results: FSAP protein level and activity were markedly increased in the plasma and BAL fluid of patients with ARDS with a significant contribution to the increased alveolar procoagulant activity. Immunoreactivity for FSAP was observed in alveolar macrophages, bronchial epithelial and endothelial cells of lungs of patients with ARDS, while in controls the immunoreactivity for FSAP was restricted to alveolar macrophages. Only a low basal level of FSAP expression was detected in these cell populations. However, FSAP-specific mRNA expression was induced by lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-8 in human lung microvascular endothelial cells and in bronchial epithelial cells. FSAP was also found to be taken up by alveolar macrophages and degraded within the lysosomal compartment. Conclusions: Increased levels of FSAP and an altered cellular expression pattern are found in the lungs of patients with ARDS. This may represent a novel pathological mechanism which contributes to pulmonary extravascular fibrin deposition and may also modulate inflammation in the acutely injured lung via haemostasis-independent cellular activities of FSAP.
ACCESSION #
27422713

 

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