TITLE

Ecology of ligninolytic fungi associated with leaf litter decomposition

AUTHOR(S)
Osono, Takashi
PUB. DATE
November 2007
SOURCE
Ecological Research;Nov2007, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p955
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Advances in our understanding of the decomposition processes in forest ecosystems over the past three decades have demonstrated the importance of lignin as a regulating factor in the decomposition of leaf litter. Consequently, increasingly more attention is being focused on the ecology of fungi associated with lignin decomposition. The aim of this review is to provide a critical summary of the ecology of ligninolytic fungi inhabiting leaf litter and forest floor materials. The review focuses on the following aspects of ligninolytic fungi: the taxonomic and functional diversity of ligninolytic fungi, the outcomes of interactions between ligninolytic fungi and other organisms, the activity and abundance of ligninolytic fungi measured by the production of bleached leaves and humus, the activity of ligninolytic enzymes in soil environments, the substratum and seral succession, spatial and temporal patterns in both mycelial abundance and species distribution, and the effect of environmental factors such as nitrogen deposition and global environmental changes on ligninolytic fungi. This review integrates the ecology, diversity, and activity of ligninolytic fungi into the context of an ecosystem in order to provide an understanding of the roles of ligninolytic fungi in decomposition processes.
ACCESSION #
27419776

 

Related Articles

  • A comparative assessment of land cover dynamics of three protected forest areas in tropical eastern Africa. Lung, Tobias; Schaab, Gertrud // Environmental Monitoring & Assessment;Feb2010, Vol. 161 Issue 1-4, p531 

    Processes of deforestation, known to threaten tropical forest biodiversity, have not yet been studied sufficiently in East Africa. To shed light on the patterns and causes of human influences on protected forest ecosystems, comparisons of different study areas regarding land cover dynamics and...

  • Effects of grassland species on decomposition of litter and soil microbial communities. Hossain, M. Zabed; Okubo, Atsushi; Sugiyama, Shu-ichi // Ecological Research;Mar2010, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p255 

    Decomposition of litter is greatly influenced not only by its chemical composition but also by activities of soil decomposers. By using leaf litter from 15 plant species collected from semi-natural and improved grasslands, we examined (1) how interspecific differences in the chemical composition...

  • Large-Scale Habitat Corridors for Biodiversity Conservation: A Forest Corridor in Madagascar. Ramiadantsoa, Tanjona; Ovaskainen, Otso; Rybicki, Joel; Hanski, Ilkka // PLoS ONE;7/22/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 7, p1 

    In biodiversity conservation, habitat corridors are assumed to increase landscape-level connectivity and to enhance the viability of otherwise isolated populations. While the role of corridors is supported by empirical evidence, studies have typically been conducted at small spatial scales....

  • Large-scale spatial synchrony and the stability of forest biodiversity revisited. Ostling, Annette M. // Journal of Plant Ecology;Jan2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p52 

    Aims Mechanisms contributing to species coexistence have at least one of two modes of action: (i) stabilization of populations through restoring forces and (ii) equalization of fitness across individuals of different species. Recently, ecologists have begun gleaning the relative roles of these...

  • Ten-year responses of ground-dwelling spiders to retention harvest in the boreal forest. Pinzon, Jaime; Spence, John R.; Langor, David W.; Shorthouse, David P. // Ecological Applications;Dec2016, Vol. 26 Issue 8, p2579 

    The Ecosystem Management Emulating Natural Disturbances ( EMEND) project tests the hypothesis that varying levels of green tree retention maintain and retain forest biodiversity better than conventional clear-cutting. We studied epigaeic spiders to assess biodiversity changes 2, 5, and 10 yr...

  • A Dynamic Model of Competition in a Savannah Ecosystem. Trivedi, Sneha; Deshpande, Mihir; Bhattacharya, Sudeepto // IUP Journal of Environmental Sciences;Aug2010, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p52 

    An ecosystem is a complex adaptive system with its diverse components continually interacting and thus giving rise to emergent properties that determine the trajectory of time evolution of the ecosystem. The evolutionary dynamics of species of grassland and woodland vegetation in the savannah...

  • Systematics and biodiversity. Wheeler, Quentin D. // BioScience;Jun95 Supplement Science Policy, Vol. 45 Issue 6, pS-21 

    Emphasizes the significance of systematics in the management and conservation of biodiversity. Benefits of biodiversity; Biodiversity crisis; Taxonomic triage; Biodiversity and public policy; Emphasis on ecosystems; Hierarchies in biodiversity; Creation of an organizing mission for conservation...

  • Concluding remarks: overall impacts on biodiversity and future perspectives for conservation in the Pantanal biome.  // Brazilian Journal of Biology;Apr2011 Supplement, Vol. 71 Issue S1, p337 

    No abstract available.

  • Temporal and spatial concordance in community composition of phytoplankton, zooplankton, macroinvertebrate, crayfish, and fish on the Precambrian Shield. Bowman, Michelle F.; Ingram, Ron; Reid, Ron A.; Somers, Keith M.; Yan, Norman D.; Paterson, Andrew M.; Morgan, George E.; Gunn, John M. // Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences;May2008, Vol. 65 Issue 5, p919 

    Concordance among communities dictates how broadly we can extrapolate results derived from a set of ecosystems. We used Mantel tests to evaluate the degree of concordance in community composition among phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthic macroinvertebrate, crayfish, and fish in eight lakes near...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics