TITLE

Current Concepts of Amblyopia: A Neuro-Ophthalmology Perspective

AUTHOR(S)
Roper-Hall, Gill
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
American Orthoptic Journal;2007, Vol. 57, p2
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Amblyopia can be defined as a developmental disorder in which there is a deficit in visual acuity that cannot be improved by refractive correction and that has no detectable organic cause. It has been recognized as a clinical entity for over 300 years. Amblyopia can no longer be considered a single clinical entity, many subtypes having been recognized. 1-9 Early detection and treatment may result in positive outcomes in some subtypes, but others, if not detected early, are not responsive to treatment.
ACCESSION #
27361340

 

Related Articles

  • amblyopia. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p35 

    An encyclopedia entry for "amblyopia" is presented. It refers to a permanent defect of visual acuity where there is no structural eye abnormality. It is also applied to toxic or nutritional causes of decreased visual acuity. Amblyopia is commonly caused by squint or a deviation of one eye...

  • Evaluation of central, steady, maintained fixation grading for predicting inter-eye visual acuity difference to diagnose and treat amblyopia in strabismic patients. Kothari, Mihir; Bhaskare, Amar; Mete, Deepali; Toshniwal, Svetlana; Doshi, Priti; Kaul, Shalini // Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Sep2009, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p281 

    Background: Diagnosis of amblyopia in preverbal strabismic patients is frequently made by binocular fixation preference (BFP) testing. The reports on reliability of BFP are equivocal. This study evaluated the reliability of BFP testing in patients with horizontal strabismus. Materials and...

  • Predicting potential acuities in amblyopes. William Ridder; Michael Rouse // Documenta Ophthalmologica;May2007, Vol. 114 Issue 3, p135 

    Abstract Purpose  Amblyopic patients, or their parents, often want to know the potential for success before committing to treatment. Recent reports have indicated that the pattern visual evoked potential (pVEP) can be used as a predictor of the success of amblyopia therapy....

  • Visual acuity testability and comparability in Australian preschool children: The Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study. Leone, J F; Gole, G A; Mitchell, P; Kifley, A; Pai, A S-I; Rose, K A // Eye;Jul2012, Vol. 26 Issue 7, p925 

    PurposeTo establish standardised protocols for vision screening, testability and comparability of three different vision tests were examined in a population-based, cross-sectional sample of preschool children (Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study).MethodsMeasurement of presenting monocular...

  • The logMAR Kay picture test and the logMAR acuity test: a comparative study. Elliott, M. C.; Firth, A. Y. // Eye;Jan2009, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p85 

    PurposeTo compare the level of visual acuity with crowded and uncrowded versions of the logMAR acuity test and the Kay picture test in amblyopia.MethodsA prospective study was carried out on 51 participants with amblyopia (strabismic n=17; anisometropic n=10; combined n=24), mean age 10 years 8...

  • Controversy in Amblyopia Management. Walsh, Leah A.; Hahn, Erik K.; LaRoche, G. Robert // American Orthoptic Journal;2006, Vol. 56, p116 

    Background and Purpose: Much has been written about amblyopia treatment. However, there is no consensus on the most efficacious therapeutic modality for amblyopia. The intensity of therapy needed to maximize visual acuity is also widely debated. The diversity of opinions emphasizes that the...

  • Assessment of visual disability using visual evoked potentials. Jihoon Jeon; Seiyul Oh; Sungeun Kyung // BMC Ophthalmology;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p36 

    Background: The purpose of this study is to validate the use of visual evoked potential (VEP) to objectively quantify visual acuity in normal and amblyopic patients, and determine if it is possible to predict visual acuity in disability assessment to register visual pathway lesions. Methods: A...

  • Atropine offers similar results to patching for amblyopia. Groves, Nancy // Ophthalmology Times;3/1/2005, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p39 

    The article reports on improvement in visual acuity occurring in the amblyopic eyes of children in both treatment arms of a study comparing atropine and occlusive patching. Patching with an occlusive patch has been the gold standard of therapy for amblyopia in North America for more than a...

  • Learning to Identify Near-Acuity Letters, either with or without Flankers, Results in Improved Letter Size and Spacing Limits in Adults with Amblyopia. Chung, Susana T. L.; Li, Roger W.; Levi, Dennis M. // PLoS ONE;Apr2012, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p1 

    Amblyopia is a developmental abnormality that results in deficits for a wide range of visual tasks, most notably, the reduced ability to see fine details, the loss in contrast sensitivity especially for small objects and the difficulty in seeing objects in clutter (crowding). The primary goal of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics