TITLE

Molecular dynamics study of screening at ionic surfaces

AUTHOR(S)
Desai, T. G.
PUB. DATE
October 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;10/21/2007, Vol. 127 Issue 15, p154707
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Molecular dynamics simulations of NaCl fluid are used to understand the behavior of ionic fluid to screen the field generated by charges on the ionic crystal surfaces in absence of any external electric field. The NaCl fluid in the strongly coupled regime (corresponding to the melt) in contact with the charged octopolar (111) NaCl surface shows that the spatial correlations decay in an oscillatory manner, with a screening length λQ given by the envelope of the damped oscillations. By contrast to the Debye-Huckel theory, in the strongly coupled regime, λQ increases with increasing coupling strength (also seen in bulk ionic simulations). The NaCl fluid confined between neutral (100) NaCl surfaces also shows weak oscillatory charge decay near the surface. Similar oscillatory exponential decay was seen when the NaCl fluid was confined between two analytically smooth neutral walls. The origin of these oscillations was due to the difference in ion sizes. NaCl fluid confined between neutral octopolar (110) and dipolar (110) surface show stronger density oscillations than (100) surface but comparatively very weak charge oscillations. This paper shows that the strength of the charges on the crystal surfaces is enough to induce a characteristic spatial distribution of charges in the contacting fluid and the extent of distribution depends on the type of surface.
ACCESSION #
27183116

 

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