TITLE

Effects of diet supplementation with olive oil and guar upon fructose-induced insulin resistance in normal rats

AUTHOR(S)
P. Prieto; J. Cancelas; P. Moreno; M. Villanueva-Peñacarrillo; W. Malaisse; I. Valverde
PUB. DATE
June 2007
SOURCE
Endocrine (1355008X);Jun2007, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p294
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Exposure of normal rats to fructose-containing drinking water represents a current model of insulin resistance. The major aim of the present study was to assess the possible effect of diet supplementation with either olive oil or guar upon the metabolic consequences of exposure to exogenous fructose. For this purpose, the changes in body weight, plasma d-glucose and insulin concentrations, and d-glucose infusion rate during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp were measured after 65 days exposure to exogenous fructose and either olive oil- or guar-enriched diet. The results were compared to those previously collected in control animals exposed for the same period to either tap water or the fructose-containing drinking water and a standard diet. Diet supplementation with olive oil or guar failed to affect the increase in the insulinogenic index and the decrease in insulin sensitivity and fasted/fed ratio for plasma insulin concentration caused by exogenous fructose. In the rats exposed to exogenous fructose, the olive oil-fed rats differed from other animals by the absence of a decrease in food intake and body weight gain, whilst the guar-fed rats differed from other animals in a lower plasma d-glucose concentration in fed state and an absence, at day 65, of a higher plasma d-glucose concentration than that at day 0 measured in after overnight fasting state. These findings argue in favour of guar, rather than olive oil, to oppose the effect of exogenous fructose on glucose homeostasis.
ACCESSION #
27039259

 

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