Corticosteroids prevented atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery

September 2007
ACP Journal Club;Sept/Oct2007, Vol. 147 Issue 2, p36
Academic Journal
The article reports on a study on prevention of atrial fibrillation by using postoperative corticosteroids in patients having cardiac surgery. It mentions a follow-up period of 84 hours. The subjects had gone through their first on-pump coronary artery bypass graft and/or aortic valve replacement surgery. They received intravenous hydrocortisone sodium succinate. There was atrial fibrillation the risk of which was concluded to be reduced by postoperative corticosteroids in the subjects.


Related Articles

  • Corticosteroids prevented atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery: COMMENTARY. Knight, Bradley P. // ACP Journal Club;Sept/Oct2007, Vol. 147 Issue 2, p36 

    The article reports on prevention of atrial fibrillation by using corticosteroids after cardiac surgery in patients. It reports on evidences favoring that inflammation is related to a higher risk for atrial fibrillation. By giving intravenous hydrocortisone from the evening after cardiac surgery...

  • Biatrial Pacing vs. Intravenous Amiodarone in Prevention of Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Akbarzadeh, F.; Kazcmi-Arbat, B.; Gohnohummadi, A.; Pourafkari, L. // Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences;2009, Vol. 12 Issue 19, p1325 

    This study was aimed to compare the results of post operative biatrial pacing and IV amiodarone in prevention of AF. In a single blind randomized clinical trial, 210 patients scheduled For elective CABG surgery were randomized either to receive overdrive biatrial pacing, IV amiodarone or no...

  • Hemodynamics in off-pump surgery: normal versus compromised preoperative left ventricular function. Fiore, Giuseppe; Latrofa, Maria Elena; Tunzi, Pasquale; Traversa, Maria; Fondacone, Corrado; Marraudino, Nicola; de Luca Tupputi Schinosa, Luigi; Fiore, Tommaso // European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Mar2005, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p488 

    Abstract: Objective: Off-pump coronary surgery (OPCABG), avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest, seems to be a better choice in patients with poor baseline cardiac function. Since cardiocirculatory collapse could be induced by heart displacement in this group of patients at high...

  • On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: more heat-shock protein 70 is released after on-pump surgery. Dybdahl, Brit; Wahba, Alexander; Haaverstad, Rune; Kirkeby-Garstad, Idar; Kierulf, Peter; Espevik, Terje; Sundan, Anders // European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Jun2004, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p985 

    Objectives: The use of cardiopulmonary bypass in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may contribute to the postoperative inflammatory response. The molecular chaperone heat-shock protein (HSP) 70 may be induced by ischemia, and has been detected both in the myocardium and in the circulation...

  • Automatic connector devices for proximal anastomoses do not decrease embolic debris compared with conventional anastomoses in CABG. Martens, Sven; Dietrich, Markus; Herzog, Christopher; Doss, Mirko; Schneider, Gunnar; Moritz, Anton; Wimmer-Greinecker, Gerhard // European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Jun2004, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p993 

    Objective: Emboli generated during cardiac surgery have been associated with aortic clamping and manipulation. Proximal anastomotic devices are thought to be less traumatic by eliminating partial clamping, potentially resulting in fewer adverse outcomes. Intra-aortic filtration has been shown to...

  • Review: β-blockers, sotalol, amiodarone, and biatrial pacing all reduce atrial fibrillation after heart surgery. Kronzon, Itzhak; Tunick, Paul A. // ACP Journal Club;Mar/Apr2003, Vol. 138 Issue 2, p36 

    Examines the effectiveness of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke among patients having a heart surgery. Background of the study; Conditions of patients with postoperative AF; Application of biatrial pacing for the prevention of AF.

  • FDA grants IDE for CorMatrix ECM trial for pericardial closure. PEDERSEN, AMANDA // Medical Device Daily;11/18/2011, Vol. 15 Issue 222, p1 

    This article reports on the decision of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to grant full IDE approval to CorMatrix Cardiovascular for its clinical trial on the safety and efficacy of the CorMatrix ECM for pericardial closure. The trial aims at reducing the incidence of atrial...

  • Study weighs value of pacemaker use after bypass. Harrell, Lisa // Journal of Business (10756124);02/08/2001, Vol. 16 Issue 4, pB5 

    Reports on a study which aims to evaluate the effectiveness of connecting patients who have undergone bypass surgery to non-implanted pacemakers temporarily to reduce atrial fibrillation. Research by Spokane, Washington cardiologist David Stagaman and the Heart Institute of Spokane; Progress of...

  • Professor Zerbini: 100 years. BRAILE, Domingo M. // Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery;jan-mar2012, Vol. 27 Issue 1, pi 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics related to cardiovascular surgery, such as intravenous corticosteroids, demographic characteristics of patients undergoing bypass surgery and revascularization surgery in myocardial infarction.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics