Lymphatic Mapping in Patients with Breast Cancer and Previous Augmentation Mammoplasty

Kaminski, Anna; Amr, Dena; Kimbrell, Melinda Lacerna; Difronzo, L. Andrew
October 2007
American Surgeon;Oct2007, Vol. 73 Issue 10, p981
Academic Journal
Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is now an established method of axillary staging in patients with breast cancer. However, the augmented breast poses an interesting challenge to this procedure. We hypothesized that SLNB is feasible in patients with augmented breasts who subsequently develop breast cancer. A retrospective study was performed from 1995 to 2006. Ten patients with augmented breasts underwent breast conservation therapy with SLNB. Sentinel lymph nodes were identified in all 10 patients. Three patients had positive sentinel nodes. Two patients proceeded to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), and one declined. The subsequent ALND were negative for metastatic cancer. Seven patients had negative sentinel nodes. One patient with a negative sentinel node underwent ALND with all nodes negative for metastasis. Two patients were lost to follow-up. Of the remaining eight patients, the mean duration of follow-up was 71 months. None of these patients had evidence of axillary recurrence or distant metastasis at time of last follow-up. SLNB is a feasible method of axillary node staging in patients who have undergone augmentation mammoplasty who subsequently develop breast cancer. Further studies are needed to better determine the accuracy of lymphatic mapping in this patient population.


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