TITLE

Insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) decreases ischemia-reperfusion induced apoptosis and necrosis in diabetic rats

AUTHOR(S)
Natalie Rizk; Javar Myatt-Jones; José Rafols; Joseph Dunbar
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
Endocrine (1355008X);Feb2007, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p66
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Previous evidence supports the view that insulin, as well as insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) provides neurotropic support for neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS). In the present study we evaluated the effects of the intravenous infusion of IGF-1 on both necrosis and apoptosis in the CNS of streptozotocin induced diabetic animals before and/or following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) with reperfusion. The lesion volume was used as an index of necrosis and the sensorimotor cortex (layers 5 and 6) as well as the CA1 and CA3 regions of the hippocampus were analyzed for apoptosis using TUNEL staining and Caspase-3 immunoreactivity. A large lesion volume was produced in diabetic animals after 2-h MCAO and 24-h reperfusion. Diabetic animals also had an elevated basal level of apoptotic cells that are bilaterally distributed. Apoptosis was further increased over basal after 2-h MCAO and 24-h reperfusion. The acute administration of IGF-1 30-min before or 2 h after MCAO followed by 24-h reperfusion decreased the lesion volume as well as the number of apoptotic cells in the cortical penumbra. Apoptosis as assessed by TUNEL and caspase-3 immunoreactivity was decreased in select sensorimotor cortex and hippocampal areas.
ACCESSION #
26845295

 

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