TITLE

3T3-L1 adipocytes induce dysfunction of MIN6 insulin-secreting cells via multiple pathways mediated by secretory factors in a co-culture system

AUTHOR(S)
Yu-Feng Zhao; Dan-Dan Feng; Maria Hernandez; Chen Chen
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
Endocrine (1355008X);Feb2007, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p52
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction is an important pathological change in type 2 diabetes, which is tightly related to obesity. However, the direct role of adipose tissue in ß-cell dysfunction has not been well understood. In this study, we examined the effects of 3T3-L1 adipocytes on MIN6 insulin-secreting cells in a co-culture system. MIN6 cells used here kept most of ß-cell functions but less sensitive to glucose stimulation. Tolbutamide, the KATP channel blocker, was therefore used to stimulate insulin secretion in this report. MIN6 cells co-cultured with 3T3-L1 adipocytes had significantly reduced intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and lost the ability to secrete insulin in response to tolbutamide, compared to the control cells. 3T3-L1 adipocytes significantly decreased the expression of insulin, glucokinase and Kir6.2 genes but increased the expression of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) in MIN6 cells after one week of co-culture, as measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. 3T3-L1 adipocyte-conditioned medium also significantly decreased insulin secretion and the expression of insulin, glucokinase and Kir6.2 genes in MIN6 cells. The conditioned medium also reduced tyrosine kinase activity in MIN6 cells. The inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase, genistein, decreased the expression of glucokinase and Kir6.2 in MIN6 cells, while two free fatty acids, oleic acid and linoleic acids, were found to increase UCP-2 expression. The present study demonstrates that 3T3-L1 adipocytes directly impair insulin secretion and the?expression of important genes in MIN6 cells. The effects of?3T3-L1 adipocytes on MIN6 cells are ascribed to?secreted bioactive factors and may be mediated via multiple pathways, which include the upregulation of UCP-2 expression via free fatty acids, and downregulation of glucokinase and Kir6.2 expression via decreasing protein tyrosine kinase activity.
ACCESSION #
26845293

 

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