TITLE

Triplets in extended nematic liquid crystals and polarons in their blends

AUTHOR(S)
Tsoi, Wing C.; O'Neill, Mary; Aldred, Matthew P.; Vlachos, Panos; Kelly, Stephen M.
PUB. DATE
September 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;9/21/2007, Vol. 127 Issue 11, p114901
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Photoinduced absorption shows that triplets are the primary photoexcited species in a series of conjugated liquid crystals containing thiophene and fluorene groups. We find that the triplet generation rate can be varied substantially by molecular design. The introduction of extra thiophene groups into the elongated molecules changes the intersystem crossing rate by over two orders of magnitude, while modifying the singlet and triplet energies by only small amounts. This result is attributed to the high spin-orbit coupling constant of sulfur: An increase in the number of sulfur atoms increases the spin-orbit coupling between the singlet and triplet states. These results are relevant to the design of organic light emitting diodes, lasers, and other devices where triplet formation has a major impact on device performance. The molecules are shown to act as effective electron donors when blended with a perylene molecule which acts as an electron acceptor. The electron transfer rate is faster than the singlet lifetime so that the blend shows the efficient charge separation required for a photovoltaic device.
ACCESSION #
26773844

 

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