TITLE

Effect of Age on F0 Difference Limen and Concurrent Vowel Identification

AUTHOR(S)
Vongpaisal, Tara; Pichora-Fuller, Margaret Kathleen
PUB. DATE
October 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2007, Vol. 50 Issue 5, p1139
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To investigate the effect of age on voice fundamental frequency (F0) difference limen (DL) and identification of concurrently presented vowels. Method: Fifteen younger and 15 older adults with normal audiometric thresholds in the speech range participated in 2 experiments. In Experiment 1, F0 DLs were measured for a synthesized vowel. In Experiment 2, accuracy in identifying concurrently presented vowel pairs was measured. Vowel pairs were formed from 5 synthesized vowels with F0 separations ranging from 0 to 4 semitones. Results: Younger adults had smaller (better) F0 DLs than older adults. For the older group, age was significantly correlated with F0 DLs. Younger adults identified concurrent vowels more accurately than older adults. When the vowels in the pairs had different formants, both age groups benefited similarly from F0 separation. Interestingly, when both constituent vowels had identical formants, F0 separation was deleterious, especially for older adults. Pure-tone average threshold did not correlate significantly with either F0 DL or accuracy in concurrent vowel identification. Conclusion: Age-related declines were confirmed for F0 DLs, identification of concurrently spoken vowels, and benefit from F0 separation between vowels with identical formants. This pattern of findings is consistent with age-related deficits in periodicity coding.
ACCESSION #
26754461

 

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