TITLE

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism modulates Ras-MAPK intracellular pathway in rat thyroids

AUTHOR(S)
Anna Leal; Thiago Pantaleão; Débora Moreira; Michelle Marassi; Valmara Pereira; Doris Rosenthal; Vânia Corrêa da Costa
PUB. DATE
April 2007
SOURCE
Endocrine (1355008X);Apr2007, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p174
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Thyrotrophin induces proliferation and function in thyroid cells acting through a seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor. The proliferative pathways induced by thyrotropin (TSH) in thyrocytes in vivo are not completely understood yet. The aim of this work is to evaluate if Ras can be induced by TSH in rat thyroids, and whether extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) may be involved in the subsequent intracellular signalling cascade. We induced hypothyroidism in Wistar rats by methimazole (MMI) treatment (0.03% in the drinking water for 21 days). A subset of the hypothyroid rats received T4 (1 μg/100 g bw) during the last 10 days of MMI treatment. Hyperthyroidism was induced by subcutaneous injections of T4 (10 μg/100 g bw) during 10 days in another group of rats. Our data show that in the hypothyroid rats there is a clear positive Ras modulation, but a decrease in pERK. In contrast, thyroidal pERK increases in T4-induced hyperthyroidism, but without any change in RAS, although these changes did not reach statistical significance. Thus, while the rat thyroid proliferation induced by TSH may involve an increase in RAS signalling, the subsequent cascade does not involve ERK phosphorilation, which in fact, increases during T4-induced hyperthyroidism.
ACCESSION #
26647597

 

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