Chapter 4: A Comparison of Personal Attributes and Experiences Among Physically Active and Inactive Children

Castelli, Darla M.; Erwin, Heather E.
October 2007
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education;Oct2007, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p375
Academic Journal
The authors explain their research on the personal attributes and experiences that contribute to children's participation in physical activities. They base their study in social cognitive theory, which describes the reciprocal relationship between personal, environmental, and behavioral factors that influence an activity. They focus on modifiable personal characteristics, such as motor skills, social support, such as that from as friends, family, and teachers, and the unmodifiable characteristic of gender. They also include self-determination theory, because personal performance judgment influences one's desire to pursue increasing levels of mastery. They notes that the study is based in one U.S. state, explain their methodology and results, and discuss the implications of their findings.


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