TITLE

Tescalcin is an essential factor in megakaryocytic differentiation associated with Ets family gene expression

AUTHOR(S)
Levay, Konstantin; Slepak, Vladlen Z.
PUB. DATE
September 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Clinical Investigation;Sep2007, Vol. 117 Issue 9, p2672
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We show here that the process of megakaryocytic differentiation requires the presence of the recently discovered protein tescalcin. Tescalcin is dramatically upregulated during the differentiation and maturation of primary megakaryocytes or upon PMA-induced differentiation of K562 cells. This upregulation requires sustained signaling through the ERK pathway. Overexpression of tescalcin in K562 cells initiates events of spontaneous megakaryocytic differentiation, such as expression of specific cell surface antigens, inhibition of cell proliferation, and polyploidization. Conversely, knockdown of this protein in primary CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors and cell lines by RNA interference suppresses megakaryocytic differentiation. In cells lacking tescalcin, the expression of Fli-1, Ets-1, and Ets-2 transcription factors, but not GATA-1 or MafB, is blocked. Thus, tescalcin is essential for the coupling of ERK cascade activation with the expression of Ets family genes in megakaryocytic differentiation.
ACCESSION #
26508725

Tags: MEGAKARYOCYTES -- Differentiation;  BONE marrow cells;  CELL surface antigens;  GENETIC transcription;  CELL proliferation;  CANCER cells -- Proliferation

 

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