TITLE

Adjoint Sensitivity of Surface Precipitation to Initial Conditions

AUTHOR(S)
Mahfouf, Jean-François; Bilodeau, Bernard
PUB. DATE
August 2007
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Aug2007, Vol. 135 Issue 8, p2879
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The adjoint version of the Global Environmental Multiscale model including a comprehensive package of simplified and linearized physical processes (large-scale condensation, deep moist convection, vertical diffusion, and subgrid-scale orographic effects) is used to evaluate the sensitivity of surface precipitation to initial conditions for up to 24 h for two meteorological systems: a midlatitude front and a tropical cyclone. Such diagnostics are useful to improve the understanding on variational assimilation of precipitation data. In agreement with a similar study, the largest sensitivity is found with respect to the temperature field for both stratiform and convective precipitation. Close to the observation time and for stratiform precipitation, the sensitivity with respect to specific humidity is rather large, which corroborates conclusions from previous one-dimensional variational data assimilation experimentations. The sensitivity is then reduced significantly after the observation time. The sensitivities of surface precipitation to the wind components and to specific humidity are comparable and are at a maximum at the observation time. The sensitivity to the surface pressure is always much smaller than the sensitivity to the other variables. In general, sensitivities are largest at the observation time and then decrease. However, for the midlatitude perturbation, the sensitivity is enhanced after 12 h for stratiform precipitation and also for convective precipitation using a scheme based on the moisture convergence closure. This results from a dynamical coupling upstream of the area of interest through baroclinic instability as evidenced by vertically backward-tilted sensitivities. Such enhancement is not observed for the tropical case. The tangent-linear approximation remains acceptable for accumulated precipitation up to 24 h but is rather poor for instantaneous rain rates. The variational assimilation of accumulated precipitation should thus be favored.
ACCESSION #
26491066

 

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