TITLE

Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence of apolipoprotein E2 allele in healthy subjects

AUTHOR(S)
Erkkilä, A. T.; Schwab, U. S.; Ågren, J. J.; Hallikainen, M.; Gylling, H.; Uusitupa, M. I. J.
PUB. DATE
September 2007
SOURCE
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Sep2007, Vol. 61 Issue 9, p1094
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective:To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in normolipidemic subjects with the ɛ2 allele compared with subjects without the ɛ2 allele.Design:Controlled, parallel study.Subjects:There were 15 subjects with the apolipoprotein E (APOE)3/2 genotype and 19 subjects with the APOE3/3 or 3/4 genotype, whose mean±s.d. age was 48±14 and 35±10 years, respectively. All subjects had normal glucose metabolism.Interventions:The subjects were instructed to increase their sucrose intake by 40 g/day for 8 weeks and to decrease the intake of saturated and unsaturated fat to maintain energy balance. Dietary adherence was monitored using food records and the actual increase in sucrose intake was 39.8±18.4 g/day. Sixteen subjects (nine with APOE3/2 genotype, seven with APOE3/3 or 3/4 genotypes) participated also in an 8 h oral fat tolerance test at the beginning and at the end of the intervention.Results:Body weight remained stable during the intervention. Sucrose intake did not have a significant effect on fasting concentrations of serum total and lipoprotein lipids, plasma glucose, serum insulin, squalene and non-cholesterol sterols in either genotype group. Neither were there any changes in postprandial lipid or insulin responses.Conclusions:Moderate increase in sucrose intake does not affect fasting or postprandial serum lipid responses in healthy subjects with or without the ɛ2 allele.Sponsorship:Academy of Finland (projects 80232, 200801) and Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2007) 61, 1094–1101; doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602620; published online 17 January 2007
ACCESSION #
26444817

 

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