Happiness, Health, or Relationships? Managerial Practices and Employee Well-Being Tradeoffs

Grant, Adam M.; Christianson, Marlys K.; Price, Richard H.
August 2007
Academy of Management Perspectives;Aug2007, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p51
Academic Journal
Although managerial practices are often structured with the explicit goal of improving performance by increasing employee well-being, these practices frequently create tradeoffs between different dimensions of employee well-being, whereby one aspect of employee well-being improves but another aspect of employee well-being decreases. We call attention to the multi-dimensional nature of well-being and highlight the importance and prevalence of these well-being tradeoffs. Our review sheds new light on the effects of managerial practices on employee well-being, and offers guidelines for managing and mitigating well-being tradeoffs.


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