Implications of Methodological Advances for the Practice of Personnel Selection: How Practitioners Benefit from Meta-analysis

Huy Le; In-Sue Oh; Shaffer, Jonathan; Schmidt, Frank
August 2007
Academy of Management Perspectives;Aug2007, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p6
Academic Journal
We discuss how meta-analysis, a method for synthesizing research findings, can meaningfully impact personnel selection practices. Specifically, we review important changes in professional and legal practices from the past 30 years resulting from meta-analytic findings. The implications of using meta-analysis methods for evaluating utilities of selection procedures and for assessing relative predictive capabilities of three popular selection tools (general mental ability tests, personality tests, and structured interviews) are further discussed. Based on these implications, we propose that meta-analysis can play an important role in bridging the gap between academic research and organizational practices.


Related Articles

  • The Value of Personnel Selection: Reflections on Some Remarkable Claims. Schmitt, Neal // Academy of Management Perspectives;Aug2007, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p19 

    This article discusses the process of personnel selection and its reflection of 100 years of psychological application. Research on individual difference measures looked on how scores were used to determine some job performance measure. This research design produced a correlation between test...

  • Meta-analysis of individual participant data: rationale, conduct, and reporting. Riley, Richard D.; Lambert, Paul C.; Abo-Zaid, Ghada // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;3/6/2010, Vol. 340 Issue 7745, p521 

    The article explores the rationale for the use of individual participant data instead of aggregate data in meta-analyses and outlines how to conduct such a type of study. It discusses the meaning of the term "individual participant data" and explains an individual participant data meta-analysis....

  • ASSESSING THE VALIDITY OF A THEORETICALLY-BASED SUBSTANCE ABUSE SCALE FOR PERSONNEL SELECTION. Martin, Scott L.; Godsey, Crystal // Journal of Business & Psychology;Spring99, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p323 

    This paper describes the development of a theoretically-based substance abuse scale to be used for personnel selection. Twenty-eight studies were conducted to validate the predictor. A meta-analysis was conducted using all 28 of the studies (N - 4,118). The mean validity coefficients for bare...

  • Metaanalyses—highest level of empirical evidence? Maier, Wolfgang; Möller, Hans-Jürgen // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2005, Vol. 255 Issue 6, p369 

    The article argues that metaanalyses cannot provide the highest level of evidence in evidence-based medicine. It explains how different methodological conditions will produce different results. It emphasizes that the results of metaanalyses depend on the method of how to identify the included...

  • Metaanalyse mit Originaldaten: Ein Vorschlag zur Forschungssynthese in der Soziologie. Klein, Thomas; Kopp, Johannes; Rapp, Ingmar // Zeitschrift für Soziologie;jun2013, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p222 

    Meta-analysis is a method of quantitatively summarizing findings from different studies and has mainly been employed in experimentally oriented disciplines. A major problem of meta-analysis in sociology is that studies rarely employ experimental designs with randomization which preclude...

  • Reasons or excuses for avoiding meta-analysis in forest plots. Ioannidis, John P.; Patsopoulos, Nikolaos A.; Rothstein, Hannah R. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);6/21/2008, Vol. 336 Issue 7658, p1413 

    The article focuses on systematic reviews and meta-analysis. It explains that reviews often conclude that a meta-analysis would be an inappropriate measure and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of forest plots, a type of quantitative study. The methods of studying clinical heterogeneity...

  • Methodological Issues in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies in Orthopaedic Research. Simunovic, Nicole; Sprague, Sheila; Bhandari, Mohit // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;May2009 Supplement 3, Vol. 91-A, p87 

    The validity and applicability of a systematic review depends on the quality of the primary studies that are included and the quality of the methods used to conduct the review itself. Sometimes, observational studies represent the best available evidence. Subject to selection, information, and...

  • Quality of Study Rating Form: An Instrument for Synthesizing Evaluation Studies. Gibbs, Leonard E. // Journal of Social Work Education;Winter1989, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p55 

    The Quality of Study Rating Form (QSRF) incorporates principles of meta-analysis to rate key features in an evaluation study. An Explanation for Criteria outlines the QSRF's sections regarding study quality, treatment effect size, and identification of treatment and client type. To measure...

  • Analyzing Meta-Analysis: Potential Problems, an Unsuccessful Replication, and Evaluation Criteria. Bullock, R. J.; Svyantek, Daniel J. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Feb85, Vol. 70 Issue 1, p108 

    This article identifies some potential problems in meta-analysis research and suggests 14 specific criteria for evaluating the quality of meta-analysis research. The analysis is based on a review and replication of a meta-analysis research study. Our replication of the Terpstra (1981) study on...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics