Chapman, Ralph; Boston, Jonathan
July 2007
Social Policy Journal of New Zealand;Jul2007, Issue 31, p104
Academic Journal
There is strong evidence that the mean surface temperature of the Earth has risen significantly since 1900. Recent evidence suggests that, if warming of more than 2°C (above pre-industrial levels) is to be avoided, then the emissions of greenhouse gases by developed countries, like New Zealand, may need to fall by up to 70% by 2030 and 90% by 2050. Achieving such a rapid decarbonisation will require major changes in energy generation, transport fuels and behaviour, land use and urban design, underpinned by modifications to national policy frameworks, and changes in social attitudes and behaviour. This paper outlines the case for rapid decarbonisation, assesses the implications for New Zealand's economy and society, discusses the required policy changes and the likely economic and distributional impacts of such changes, and explores institutional factors influencing policy development and implementation. The paper draws on recent international and domestic studies of the likely economic and distributional impacts of policy measures to mitigate climate change. It also refers to some survey evidence concerning public attitudes towards climate change and the willingness of citizens to change their behaviour and support policy measures to reduce emissions.


Related Articles

  • Calculating the Odds on Climate Change. Steven, David; Evans, Alex // World Politics Review;1/11/2010, p1 

    The article discusses the efforts of the world governments to establish a framework in controlling climate change. It cites the failure of the participants in Copenhagen, Denmark to reach a deal on climate change. It also presents the four parameters as a basis for the negotiations, including...

  • Still time to change Earth's long-term forecast. Randers, Jørgen // Ecos;Dec2013, Issue 190, p1 

    The article presents a reprint of the article "Still time to change Earth's long-term forecast" by Jørgen Randers, which appeared in the 2013 issue of "The Conversation." The author discusses his projections until 2052, stating that the world average temperature will increase 2 degrees...

  • Paradigm Shift in Paris.  // Economic & Political Weekly;12/26/2015, Vol. 50 Issue 52, p7 

    The article discusses whether countries which negotiated in the Paris, France agreement can reduce carbon emissions without mandatory limits. It mentions that the agreement place procedural requirements rather than binding countries to substantive outcomes, such as limits on greenhouse gases...

  • ON SETTING NEAR-TERM CLIMATE POLICY WHILE THE DUST BEGINS TO SETTLE: The Legacy of the Stern Review. Gary Yoh; Tolb, Richard S. J.; Murphy, Dean // Energy & Environment;2007, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p621 

    We review the explosion of commentary that has followed the release of the Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change, and agree with most of what has been written. The Review is right when it argues on economic grounds for immediate intervention to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, but...

  • Reversible and irreversible impacts of greenhouse gas emissions in multi-century projections with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model. Frölicher, Thomas; Joos, Fortunat // Climate Dynamics;Dec2010, Vol. 35 Issue 7/8, p1439 

    The legacy of historical and the long-term impacts of 21st century greenhouse gas emissions on climate, ocean acidification, and carbon-climate feedbacks are investigated with a coupled carbon cycle-climate model. Emission commitment scenarios with zero emissions after year 2100 and 21st century...

  • MULTI-GAS EMISSIONS PATHWAYS TO MEET CLIMATE TARGETS. Meinshausen, Malte; Hare, Bill; Wigley, Tom M. L.; Vuuren, Detlef Van; Elzen, Michel G. J. Den; Swart, Rob // Climatic Change;Mar2006, Vol. 75 Issue 1/2, p151 

    So far, climate change mitigation pathways focus mostly on CO2 and a limited number of climate targets. Comprehensive studies of emission implications have been hindered by the absence of a flexible method to generate multi-gas emissions pathways, user-definable in shape and the climate target....

  • COP21 Paris: Climate change agreement in sight? RAVENSCROFT, MICHAEL // Chemical Week;12/14/2015, Vol. 177 Issue 31, p13 

    The article focuses on a global climate change agreement negotiated by ministers and other officials from almost 200 countries at the COP21 conference in Paris, France under the auspices of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. A schedule regarding the text of a climate deal to be...

  • New Year's Resolutions. Migliore, Matt // Flow Control;Jan2006, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p4 

    The article discusses issues that are important for operators of fluid handling processes, including greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Last month at a two-week United Nation's conference in Montreal, delegates, including representatives from the United States, met to discuss...

  • Climate change and India. DESAI, ASHOK V. // Telegraph (Calcutta, India);12/22/2015, p10 

    The article reports on the short sighted mitigation steps for climate change taken by India to bring grief in the country, and promise made by the governments present in the Paris, France conference to bring down emissions of green house gases.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics