TITLE

A nanogold-quenched fluorescence duplex probe for homogeneous DNA detection based on strand displacement

AUTHOR(S)
Mo, Z.-H.; Yang, X.-C.; Guo, K.-P.; Wen, Z.-Y.
PUB. DATE
September 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2007, Vol. 389 Issue 2, p493
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A nanogold-quenched fluorescence duplex probe has been developed for lighting up homogenous hybridization assays. This novel probe is constructed from two strands of different lengths, and labeled by nanogold and a fluorophore at the long-strand 5′-end and the short-strand 3′-end, respectively. The two tags are in close contact, resulting in complete quenching of the probe fluorescence. If perfectly complemented to the nanogold-labeled strand, a long target oligonucleotide would displace the short fluorophore-labeled strand, and as a result, restore the fluorescence. By using nanogold in the probe, an extremely high quenching efficiency (99.1%) and removal of free fluorophore-labeled strand is achieved. The signal-to-noise ratio and the detection limit (50 pmol L−1) of homogenous assays are therefore improved significantly, in comparison with similar probes using organic acceptors. Moreover, the probe has a great inhibition effect on hybridization to a mismatched oligonucleotide. This effect provides the assay with a high specificity, and particularly the assay has great potential in applications for discriminating variations in sequences. The assay sensitivity could be markedly enhanced by using fluorescent materials in the signal strand that are brighter and not quenched by nucleobases.
ACCESSION #
26340068

 

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