TITLE

Determination of 2-isopropyl thioxanthone and 2-ethylhexyl-4-dimethylaminobenzoate in milk: comparison of gas and liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry

AUTHOR(S)
Gil-Vergara, Ana; Blasco, Cristina; Picó, Yolanda
PUB. DATE
September 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2007, Vol. 389 Issue 2, p605
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) have been compared for the analysis of 2-isopropyl thioxanthone (ITX) and 2-ethylhexyl-4-dimethylaminobenzoate (EHDAB). Pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) was applied for the extraction of ITX and EHDAB from milk and milk-based beverages. Samples were homogenized with sea sand and anhydrous sodium sulfate, and were extracted with ethyl acetate at 100 °C and 10.3 × 106 Pa in one cycle of 10 min at 90% flush. Both, GC-MS and LC-MS/MS were suitable to determine these photoinitiators in the PLE extracts, providing appropriate identification and quantification. The recoveries obtained ranged from 70 to 99% for ITX and from 70 to 95% for EHDAB. These recoveries were equal as those obtained by a conventional liquid–liquid partitioning with acetonitrile and tert-butyl methyl ether–hexane. The quantification limits using GC-MS, based on a signal-to-noise ratio of 10, were 0.5 μg/L for ITX and 1 μg/L for EHDAB. The repeatability of the method, as indicated by the relative standard deviations, was within the range 0.9–16.1%. The same parameters calculated using LC-MS/MS result in quantification limits of 0.1 μg/L for ITX and 0.02 μg/L for EHDAB and repeatability within the range 5.2–19.4%. These results pointed out that both techniques are appropriate to determine these compounds in food samples. The method was applied to milk and milk-based beverages from different supermarkets. The ITX and EHDAB contents ranged from 2.5 to 325 μg/L and from 8 to 126 μg/L, respectively.
ACCESSION #
26340066

 

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