Du Vivier, K.K.
May 2007
Albany Law Review;2007, Vol. 70 Issue 3, p1045
Academic Journal
The article offers information about the citizen-initiated referendum or initiative. Initiative, which is considered as the genie of direct democracy, was introduced by the Progressives in the late 1800s as an alternative of amending a state constitution or developing state-level legislation. The first state that allowed statewide initiatives was South Dakota. After South Dakota, other U.S. states then embraced the same initiative and referendum processes.


Related Articles

  • Moralistic Direct Democracy: Political Insurgents, Religion, and the State in Twentieth-Century Oregon. LIPIN, LAWRENCE M.; LUNCH, WILLIAM // Oregon Historical Quarterly;Winter2009, Vol. 110 Issue 4, p514 

    This article looks at the way the State of Oregon has used the initiative and referendum system to change it constitution. Oregon was one of the first states to use this system and has used it more frequently than any state in the U.S. The use of initiative and referendum has been inconsistent...

  • Are State Constitutions Constitutional? Tymkovich, Timothy M. // Minnesota Law Review;2013, Vol. 97 Issue 5, p1804 

    This Article will examine the history, text, and application of the Guarantee Clause (or Republican Form of Government Clause). It will first examine the historical context in which the Framers enacted Article IV, Section 4. It will then discuss the text and public understanding of the Clause....

  • THE RECALL OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AND CITIZENS' INITIATED ELECTIONS. TWOMEY, ANNE // University of New South Wales Law Journal;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p41 

    The article offers information on the proposed introduction of recall of members of Parliament and citizens' initiated elections in Australia. It says that recall is an element of a direct democracy, which is often described collectively as the referendum, recall, and initiative. Moreover, it...

  • DOWN WITH PEOPLE POWER. Kellner, Peter // Prospect;Jul2009, Issue 160, p40 

    The article focuses on the political scene in Great Britain. It highlights the political issues in the country which mentions that direct democracy that is trying to revive by the country's politicians and is seen as restoring trust in politics is a bad idea. It then emphasizes that such ideas...

  • A More Perfect Union? Democracy in the Age of Ballot Initiatives. Pryor, Tom // Minnesota Law Review;2013, Vol. 97 Issue 5, p1549 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics including ballot initiatives, voters' role in direct democracy, and the concept of a hybrid democracy.

  • Arizona' voters are the hardest working. Waxman, Lionel // Inside Tucson Business;11/13/2006, Vol. 16 Issue 22, p5 

    The author reflects on various referendums in Arizona. The voters decided to approve the Proposition 207, which is a reaction to the Supreme Court's interpretation of "shall not" in the constitution. Another proposition supported by the voters that will limit the discretionary powers of the...

  • By the People, for the People: Interrogating the Education-Policy-by-Ballot-Initiative Phenomenon. Moses, Michele S. // Philosophy of Education Yearbook;2009, p177 

    In this article, the author ponders on the phenomenon of voters who make decisions concerning education policy through the ballot initiative process. She examines such issue by concentrating on the impact of education policy on educational opportunities. In order for voters to make education...

  • Propped up. Miller, Matthew // New Republic;12/30/96, Vol. 215 Issue 27, p42 

    Presents a firsthand account of voting for various ballot initiatives in California. Response of Californians to the ballot measures; Campaigns promoting the initiatives; Effect of the campaigns on political journalism.

  • A HARDCORE CASE AGAINST (STRONG) JUDICIAL REVIEW OF DIRECT DEMOCRACY. Spadijer, Steven // University of Queensland Law Journal;Jul2012, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p55 

    The article presents information on the issue of the judicial review of direct democracy with respect to the requirement of referendum especially the citizen initiated referenda for the passing of statutes and constitutional amendments. The legislation and the courts of the U.S. frequently use...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics