TITLE

Prevalence of central nervous system cryptococcosis in human immunodeficiency virus reactive hospitalized patients

AUTHOR(S)
Lakshmi, V.; Sudha, T.; Teja, V. D.; Umabala, P.
PUB. DATE
April 2007
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Apr2007, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p146
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Central nervous system cryptococcosis is an important cause of mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reactive patients. A retrospective study was conducted on a total of 1,863 HIV reactive hospitalized patients suspected of cryptococcal meningitis. Three hundred and fifty-nine cerebrospinal fluid specimens of these cases were screened for various cryptococcal investigations. Thirty-nine out of 359 (10.86%) showed a definite diagnosis of cryptococcosis with a mortality rate of 25.64%. Prevalence of cryptococcal meningitis in the total HIV reactive cohort was 2.09%. Concurrent cryptococcal meningitis and tuberculosis was seen in 33.3% cases. A high index of clinical suspicion and routine mycological surveillance is required to help an early diagnosis and appropriate therapy, as majority of patients respond well to therapy if treated early.
ACCESSION #
26050585

 

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