Differencies in Morphologic Characteristics Between Top Level Gymnasts of Year 1933 and 2000

Cuk, Ivan; Korencic, Tja�a; Tomazo-Ravnik, Tatjana; Pecek, Mojca; Bucar, Maja; Hraski, �eljko
June 2007
Collegium Antropologicum;Jun2007, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p613
Academic Journal
In 1933, at the 5th Regional Sokol Meeting in Ljubljana which was at the time a place in the Yugoslav Kingdom, �kerlj carried out the first measurements of 189 gymnasts, active competitors; in 2000, at the World Cup Meeting in Ljubljana, Cuk and associates carried out measurements of 40 top gymnasts. Our analysis of identical variables has shown that there is no difference in body height and weight of the gymnasts in 1933 and those in 2000, while there is a significant difference in the width of their shoulders and pelvis, the contemporary athletes being wider in their shoulders and narrower in their pelvis. The differences can be assigned to the new requirements in contemporary gymnastics as exercises are becoming more difficult, including more rotation around the vertical and horizontal axis.


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