Molotov Cocktail

Guttman, Jon
July 2007
Military History;Jul/Aug2007, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p21
The article chronicles the history of the use of bottles of gasoline in wars. The first recorded use of bottles of gasoline ignited by gas-soaked rags was in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War, when General Francisco Franco directed his Nationalists to use them to repel T-26 tanks leading a Republican assault on Toledo. When the Soviet Union tried to enforce territorial claims along the Finnish border, the Finns used Molotov cocktail, a mixture of ethanol, tar and gasoline and phosphorus.


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