Low Intensity Laser Application in Temporomandibular Disorders: A Phase I Double-Blind Study

Mazzetto, Marcelo O.; Carrasco, Thaise G.; Bidinelo, Eliana F.; Pizzo, Renata C. de Andrade; Mazzetto, Rafaela G.
July 2007
CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular & Sleep Practice;Jul2007, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p186
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of low intensity laser therapy (LILT) for the control of pain from temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in a random and double-blind research design. Forty-eight (48) patients presenting temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain were divided into an experimental group (GI) and a placebo group (GII). The sample was submitted to the treatment with infrared laser (780 nm, 70 mW, 10 s, 89.7 J/cm²) applied in continuous mode on the affected temporomandibular region, at one point: inside the external auditive duct toward the retrodiskal region, twice a week, for four weeks. For the control group, two identical probes (one active and one that does not emit radiation) were used unknown by the clinician and the subjects. A tip planned for laser acupuncture was used and connected to the active point of the probe. The parameter evaluated was the intensity of pain after palpation of the condylar lateral pole, pre-auricular region and external auditive duct, according to the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Four evaluations were performed: Ev1 (before laser application), Ev2 (after 4th application), Ev3 (after 8th application) and Ev4 (30 days after the last application). Data were submitted to statistical analysis. The results showed a decrease in the pain level mainly for the active probe. Among the evaluations, the Ev3 exhibited lower sensitivity to palpation. In conclusion, the results show that low intensity laser is an effective therapy for the pain control of subjects with TMD.


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