Andragogy and the Socratic Method: The Adult Learner Perspective

Paraskevas, Alexandros; Wickens, Eugenia
October 2003
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education (Oxfo;Oct2003, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p4
Academic Journal
One of the teaching methods available to teachers in the ‘andragogic’ model of teaching is the method of ‘Socratic Seminars’. This is a teacher-directed form of instruction in which questions are used as the sole method of teaching, placing students in the position of having to recognise the limits of their knowledge, and hopefully, motivating them to learn. This paper aims at initiating the discussion on the strengths and drawbacks of this method. Based on empirical research, the paper suggests that the Socratic method seems to be a very effective method for teaching adult learners, but should be used with caution depending on the personality of the learners.


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