The Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q): Assessing Language Profiles in Bilinguals and Multilinguals

Marian, Viorica; Blumenfeld, Henrike K.; Kaushanskaya, Margarita
August 2007
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2007, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p940
Academic Journal
Purpose: To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire of bilingual language status with predictable relationships between self-reported and behavioral measures. Method: In Study 1, the internal validity of the Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q) was established on the basis of self-reported data from 52 multilingual adult participants. In Study 2, criterion-based validity was established on the basis of standardized language tests and self-reported measures from 50 adult Spanish-English bilinguals. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were established on healthy adults whose literacy levels were equivalent to that of someone with a high school education or higher. Results: Factor analyses revealed consistent factors across both studies and suggested that the LEAP-Q was internally valid. Multiple regression and correlation analyses established criterion-based validity and suggested that self-reports were reliable indicators of language performance. Self-reported reading proficiency was a more accurate predictor of first-language performance, and self-reported speaking proficiency was a more accurate predictor of second-language performance. Although global measures of self-reported proficiency were generally predictive of language ability, deriving a precise estimate of performance on a particular task required that specific aspects of language history be taken into account. Conclusion: The LEAP-Q is a valid, reliable, and efficient tool for assessing the language profiles of multilingual, neurologically intact adult populations in research settings.


Related Articles

  • Translation a barrier to language acquisition. Wang, Peter Chin-Tang // Thrust for Educational Leadership;Jan95, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p25 

    Discusses the effectiveness of the translation method of bilingual education in language acquisition. Teaching practices; Trilingual translation approach; Sentence by sentence translations; Implications on administrators.

  • 2000 biliteracy. Cline, Zulmara; Necochea, Juan // Thrust for Educational Leadership;Jan95, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p36 

    Discusses factors affecting the goal of dual-language proficiency for language-minority students and English-speaking students in the year 2000. Transition from a compensatory model to an enrichment model; Comparison between bilingual education and biliteracy; Expectations of dual-language...

  • Home language instruction: Five pluses and one minus. Gonzales, Phillip C.; Cook, Leni // Reading Today;Feb/Mar95, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p27 

    Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using a student's home language in teaching, even in classes meant to help him or her acquire a second language.

  • Theories of second language acquisition: three sides, three angles, three points. Thomas, Margaret // Second Language Research;Oct2005, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p393 

    Three recent books take up different positions in the on-going debate about how, and out of what, to construct a theory of second language (L2) acquisition. Johnson (2004) advocates a 'dialogically based approach', inspired by Vygotsky's sociocultural theory and Bakhtin's 'dialogized...

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ON CASE OF ETHNIC MINORITIES OF GEORGIA. Aptarashvili, Ia; Tsereteli, Mzia // Problems of Psychology in the 21st Century;2013, Vol. 5, p6 

    The purpose of the presented research is to determine the relations between success or failure in second language acquisition on one hand and personal - social factors and attitudes of an individual on the other. Besides, to define what is the predictive value of personal or social features and...

  • Second Language Listening -- Investigating Self-supporting Needs. Iyer, M. Saravanapava // Language in India;Feb2015, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p281 

    In most of the ESL classrooms in Sri Lanka among four basic language skills, Listening Comprehension (LC) is almost neglected due to many practical reasons; in some classrooms LC is conducted; but the achievement rate is not satisfactory; to recognize part of the solution for this problem, the...

  • Bilingual Educators Discuss Politics of Language. Crawford, James // Education Week;11/19/1986, Vol. 6 Issue 11, p15 

    The article reports on the discussions made by bilingual educators from Canada, Mexico and the U.S. regarding curriculum and evaluation, teacher training and theories of second-language acquisition. Educators portrayed bilingual education as a politicized branch of instruction which is...

  • Bilingual Programs Facilitate Students' Acquisition of English. Krashen, Stephen // Education Week;7/9/2014, Vol. 33 Issue 36, p36 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Proposal to Restore Bilingual Education in California Advances," which appeared on the publication's website, located at www.edweek.org, on May 28, 2014.

  • Bilingual Education.  // New York Times Upfront;11/01/99, Vol. 132 Issue 5, p37 

    Presents arguments for and against bilingual education in the United States. Concerns that children may never be fluent in any language; Ineffectiveness of English-only instruction for children speaking other languages; Measurements of the success of bilingual education.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics