The Effects of Speech Presentation Level on Acceptance of Noise in Listeners With Normal and Impaired Hearing

Freyaldenhoven, Melinda C.; Plyler, Patrick N.; Thelin, James W.; Hedrick, Mark S.
August 2007
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2007, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p878
Academic Journal
Purpose: To compare the effects of speech presentation level on acceptance of noise in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. Method: Participants were listeners with normal (n = 24) and impaired (n = 46) hearing who were matched for conventional acceptable noise level (ANL). ANL was then measured at 8 fixed speech presentation levels (40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, and 75 dB HL) to determine if global ANL (i.e., ANL averaged across speech presentation levels) or ANL growth (i.e., the slope of the ANL function) varied between groups. Results: The effects of speech presentation level on acceptance of noise were evaluated using global ANLs and ANL growth. Results showed global ANL and ANL growth were not significantly different for listeners with normal and impaired hearing, and neither ANL measure was related to pure-tone average for listeners with impaired hearing. Additionally, conventional ANLs were significantly correlated with both global ANLs and ANL growth for all listeners. Conclusion: These results indicate that the effects of speech presentation level on acceptance of noise are not related to hearing sensitivity. These results further indicate that a listener's conventional ANL was related to his or her global ANL and ANL growth.


Related Articles

  • Spectral Contribution to the Benefit From Spatial Separation of Speech and Noise. Dubno, Judy R.; Ahlstrom, Jayne B.; Horwitz, Amy R. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2002, Vol. 45 Issue 6, p1297 

    Presents information on a study that assessed the use of interaural difference cues that underlie the spatial separation benefit for speech recognition in noise by younger and older adults with normal hearing and older adults with hearing loss. Research methods; Results and discussion on the...

  • Contribution of High-Frequency Information to the Acceptance of Background Noise in Listeners With Normal and Impaired Hearing. Plyler, Patrick N.; Madix, Steven G.; Thelin, James W.; Johnston, Kristie W. // American Journal of Audiology;Dec2007, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p149 

    Purpose: To determine whether information beyond 2.0 kHz affected the acceptance of background noise in listeners with normal and/or impaired hearing. Method: Speech stimuli (Arizona Travelogue) and multitalker babble were low-pass filtered at cutoff frequencies of 2.0, 4.0, and 6.0 kHz and...

  • Acoustic assessment of speech privacy curtains in two nursing units. Pope, Diana S.; Miller-Klein, Erik T. // Noise & Health;Jan/Feb2016, Vol. 18 Issue 80, p26 

    Hospitals have complex soundscapes that create challenges to patient care. Extraneous noise and high reverberation rates impair speech intelligibility, which leads to raised voices. In an unintended spiral, the increasing noise may result in diminished speech privacy, as people speak loudly to...

  • Slope of PI Function Is Not 10%-per-dB in Noise for All Noises and for All Patients. CHASIN, MARSHALL // Hearing Review;Oct2013, Vol. 20 Issue 11, p12 

    This article discusses how directional hearing aid microphones and assistive listening devices have benefited people with hearing loss. The author reveals that such devices were able to help some patients communicate better in a difficult listening situation. The author reveals, however, that...

  • Effect of F2 Intensity on Identity of /u/ in Degraded Listening Conditions. Hedrick, Mark S.; Nabelek, Anna K. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p1012 

    The current study investigated the influence of the second formant (F2) intensity on vowel labeling along a /u/-/i/ continuum. Twenty-two listeners with normalhearing (NH) sensitivity and 14 listeners with sensorineural hearing impairment (HI) were initially presented 2 stimuli for which the F2...

  • The Effects of Expansion Time Constants on the Objective Performance of Hearing Instrument Users. Plyler, Patrick N.; Hill, Ashley Blair; Trine, Timothy D. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Sep2005, Vol. 16 Issue 8, p614 

    The present study investigated the effects of expansion time constants on the objective performance of 20 hearing instrument users fitted binaurally with digital in-the-ear products. Objective performance was evaluated in quiet using the Connected Speech Test and in noise using the Hearing in...

  • Acceptable Noise Level as a Predictor of Hearing Aid Use. Nabelek, Anna K.; Freyaldenhovent, Melinda C.; Tampas, Joanna W.; Burchfield, Samuel B.; Muenchen, Robert A. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Oct2006, Vol. 17 Issue 9, p626 

    Acceptable noise level (ANL) measures a listener's reaction to background noise while listening to speech. Relations among hearing aid use and ANL, speech in noise (SPIN) scores, and listener characteristics (age, gender, pure-tone average) were investigated in 191 listeners with hearing...

  • Listening effort and accented speech. Van Engen, Kristin J.; Peelle, Jonathan E. // Frontiers in Human Neuroscience;Aug2014, Vol. 8, p1 

    The article presents the author's views on the importance of accented speech for understanding the spoken language. It discusses various factors that are affected by the mild hearing loss problems including syntactic processing, running memory for speech and memory for short stories. It further...

  • Incorporating the Conditional Speech Presence Probability in Multi-Channel Wiener Filter Based Noise Reduction in Hearing Aids. Kim Ngo; Spriet, Ann; Moonen, Marc; Wouters, Jan; Jensen, Søren Holdt // EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing;2009, Special section p1 

    A multi-channel noise reduction technique is presented based on a Speech Distortion-Weighted Multi-channel Wiener Filter (SDW-MWF) approach that incorporates the conditional Speech Presence Probability (SPP). A traditional SDW-MWF uses a fixed parameter to a trade-off between noise reduction and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics