An Evaluation of the BKB-SIN, HINT, QuickSIN, and WIN Materials on Listeners With Normal Hearing and Listeners With Hearing Loss

Wilson, Richard H.; McArdle, Rachel A.; Smith, Sherri L.
August 2007
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2007, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p844
Academic Journal
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine in listeners with normal hearing and listeners with sensorineural hearing loss the within- and between-group differences obtained with 4 commonly available speech-in-noise protocols. Method: Recognition performances by 24 listeners with normal hearing and 72 listeners with sensorineural hearing loss were compared for 4 speech-in-noise protocols that varied with respect to the amount of contextual cues conveyed in the target signal. The protocols studied included the Bamford-Kowal-Bench Speech-in-Noise Test (BKB-SIN; Etymōtic Research, 2005; J. Bench, A. Kowal, & J. Bamford, 1979; P. Niquette et al., 2003), the Quick Speech-in-Noise Test (QuickSIN; M. C. Killion, P. A. Niquette, G. I. Gudmundsen, L. J. Revit, & S. Banerjee, 2004), and the Words-in-Noise test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & C. A. Burks, 2005), each of which used multitalker babble and a modified method of constants, as well as the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT; M. Nilsson, S. Soli, & J. Sullivan, 1994), which used speech-spectrum noise and an adaptive psychophysical procedure. Results: The 50% points for the listeners with normal hearing were in the 1- to 4-dB signal-to-babble ratio (S/B) range and for the listeners with hearing loss in the 5- to 14-dB S/B range. Separation between groups was least with the BKB-SIN and HINT (4-6 dB) and most with the QuickSIN and WIN (8-10 dB). Conclusion: The QuickSIN and WIN materials are more sensitive measures of recognition performance in background noise than are the BKB-SIN and HINT materials.


Related Articles

  • Speech Perception and Production Skills of Students With Impaired Heating From Oral and Total Communication Education Settings. Geers, Ann E.; Moog, Jean S. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Dec92, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p1384 

    Provides information on a study which examined the degree to which students educated in oral and total communication environments developed auditory and speech skills. Method; Results; Discussion.

  • The Effects of Speech Presentation Level on Acceptance of Noise in Listeners With Normal and Impaired Hearing. Freyaldenhoven, Melinda C.; Plyler, Patrick N.; Thelin, James W.; Hedrick, Mark S. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2007, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p878 

    Purpose: To compare the effects of speech presentation level on acceptance of noise in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. Method: Participants were listeners with normal (n = 24) and impaired (n = 46) hearing who were matched for conventional acceptable noise level (ANL). ANL was then...


    The article focuses on a study which investigates the recognition of digits in various types of noise by normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners. It notes that the adaptive speech-in-noise tests were designed that measure the speech-reception-threshold (SRTn). It states that the digit SRTn...

  • ACCOR. INSTRUMENTATION AND DATABASE FOR THE CROSS-LANGUAGE STUDY OF COARTICULATION*. Marchal, Alain; Hardcastle, William J. // Language & Speech;Apr-Sep93, Vol. 36 Issue 2/3, p137 

    Discusses the problem of extreme variability in the acoustic attributes of segments in speech technology. Segments' sensitivity to context; Intrinsic characteristics manifested when uttered in isolation; Modeling of the linguistic and physiological aspects of coarticulatory processes.

  • Effects of Age and Hearing Loss on Gap Detection and the Precedence Effect: Broadband Stimuli. Roberts, Richard A.; Lister, Jennifer J. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2004, Vol. 47 Issue 5, p965 

    Older listeners with normal-hearing sensitivity and impaired-hearing sensitivity often demonstrate poorer-than-normal performance on tasks of speech understanding in noise and reverberation. Deficits in temporal resolution and in the precedence effect may underlie this difficulty. Temporal...

  • The Effects of Expansion on the Objective and Subjective Performance of Hearing Instrument Users. Plyler, Patrick N.; Hill, Ashley Blair; Trine, Timothy D. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Feb2005, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p101 

    The present study investigated the effects of expansion on the objective and subjective performance of 20 hearing instrument users fitted binaurally with digital ITE products. Objective performance was evaluated in quiet using the Connected Speech Test and in noise using the Hearing in Noise...

  • ARGUMENT FIELDS, LOGICAL TYPES AND SHARED PURPOSES. Hanson, Jim // Conference Proceedings -- National Communication Association/Ame;1989 Spheres of Argument, p275 

    The article discusses definitions of fields of argument and the identification of its relationship with speech communication definitions. A field is defined as a discipline or ongoing forum, a body of organized people functioning for a specific purpose while a field of argument is a system where...

  • A Longitudinal Study of Audiovisual Speech Perception by Children with Hearing Loss Who have Cochlear Implants. Bergeson, Tonya R.; Pisoni, David B.; Davis, Rebecca A. O. // Volta Review;Fall2003, Vol. 103 Issue 4, p347 

    The present study investigated the development of audiovisual speech perception skills in children who are prelingually deaf and received cochlear implants. We analyzed results from the Pediatric Speech Intelligibility (Jerger, Lewis, Hawkins, & Jerger, 1980) test of audiovisual spoken word and...

  • Perceptual Weighting of Stop Consonant Cues by Normal and Impaired Listeners in Reverberation Versus Noise. Hedrick, Mark S.; Younger, Mary Sue // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2007, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p254 

    Purpose: To determine if listeners with normal hearing and listeners with sensorineural hearing loss give different perceptual weightings to cues for stop consonant place of articulation in noise versus reverberation listening conditions. Method: Nine listeners with normal hearing (23-28 years...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics