TITLE

Will They Catch Up? The Role of Age at Cochlear Implantation in the Spoken Language Development of Children With Severe to Profound Hearing Loss

AUTHOR(S)
Nicholas, Johanna Grant; Geers, Ann E.
PUB. DATE
August 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2007, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p1048
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The authors examined the benefits of younger cochlear implantation, longer cochlear implant use, and greater pre-implant aided hearing to spoken language at 3.5 and 4.5 years of age. Method: Language samples were obtained at ages 3.5 and 4.5 years from 76 children who received an implant by their 3rd birthday. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to identify characteristics associated with spoken language outcomes at the 2 test ages. The Preschool Language Scale (I. L. Zimmerman, V. G. Steiner, & R. E. Pond, 1992) was used to compare the participants' skills with those of hearing age-mates at age 4.5 years. Results: Expected language scores increased with younger age at implant and lower pre-implant thresholds, even when compared at the same duration of implant use. Expected Preschool Language Scale scores of the children who received the implant at the youngest ages reached those of hearing age-mates by 4.5 years, but those children implanted after 24 months of age did not catch up with hearing peers. Conclusion: Children who received a cochlear implant before a substantial delay in spoken language developed (i.e., between 12 and 16 months) were more likely to achieve age-appropriate spoken language. These results favor cochlear implantation before 24 months of age, especially for children with aided pure-tone average thresholds greater than 65 dB prior to surgery.
ACCESSION #
25930612

 

Related Articles

  • A Longitudinal Study of Audiovisual Speech Perception by Children with Hearing Loss Who have Cochlear Implants. Bergeson, Tonya R.; Pisoni, David B.; Davis, Rebecca A. O. // Volta Review;Fall2003, Vol. 103 Issue 4, p347 

    The present study investigated the development of audiovisual speech perception skills in children who are prelingually deaf and received cochlear implants. We analyzed results from the Pediatric Speech Intelligibility (Jerger, Lewis, Hawkins, & Jerger, 1980) test of audiovisual spoken word and...

  • The Conditioned Assessment of Speech Production (CASP): A Tool for Evaluating Auditory-Guided Speech Development in Young Children with Hearing Loss. Ertmer, David J.; Stoel-Gammon, Carol // Volta Review;Spring2008, Vol. 108 Issue 1, p59 

    Prelinguistic vocal development is "the process by which infants and toddlers produce increasingly more complex, phonetically diverse, and speech-like utterances before they say words on a regular basis" (Ertmer, 2005, p. 85). Research has shown that children with bilateral, moderate-to-profound...

  • Baby Talk: Infants Have Much To Say If Adults Will Only Listen.  // Ascribe Newswire: Medicine;1/11/2005, p8 

    The article reports that the Infant Language Lab at the James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for children is studying language development of hearing infants and toddlers to establish a yardstick for toddlers who have received cochlear implants. Researchers are developing new techniques for evaluating...

  • A Comparison of Language Achievement in Children With Cochlear Implants and Children Using Hearing Aids. Tomblin, J. Bruce; Spencer, Linda; Flock, Sarah; Tyler, Rich; Gantz, Bruce // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr1999, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p497 

    Presents information on a study which compared English language achievement of children with cochlear implants and children using hearing aids. Methodology used; Results and discussion.

  • The Effects of Bilateral Electric and Bimodal Electric-Acoustic Stimulation on Language Development. Nittrouer, Susan; Chapman, Christopher // Trends in Amplification;Sep2009, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p190 

    There is no doubt that cochlear implants have improved the spoken language abilities of children with hearing loss, but delays persist. Consequently, it is imperative that new treatment options be explored. This study evaluated one aspect of treatment that might be modified, that having to do...

  • Opening Lines. Ginzburg, Rebecca // Hearing Health;Fall2009, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p3 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Steven D. Rauch on reversible sensorineural hearing loss, an article on the meeting with former Miss U.S.A. Shawnae Jebbia who uses a hand-held device, and one by Ward R. Drennan on music and the cochlear implant.

  • Is That a Beeper? Van Ingen, Jane S. // WE Magazine;Jan/Feb2000, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p112 

    Relates an experience after having a cochlear implant. Type of hearing aides that were used; Effect after having the implant; Reason the deaf community opposed the implant.

  • cochlear implant.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p477 

    An encyclopedia entry for "cochlear implant," which refers to an electrical device designed for hearing-impaired persons to receive sound and to transmit the signal to electrodes implanted in the cohclea, is presented.

  • What are Some of the Key Features of the New Naida CI Q70 from Advanced Bionics? Kruger, Tracey // Audiology Online;Dec2013, Vol. N/A Issue N/A, p1 

    The article presents the answer of Tracey Kruger, Vice President of Marketing, Advanced Bionics LLC to the question on what are some of the key features of the new Naida CI Q70 from Advanced Bionics.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics