TITLE

CURRENT CONCEPTS REVIEW: Prevention of Perioperative Infection

AUTHOR(S)
Fletcher, Nicholas; Sofianos, D'Mitri; Berkes, Marschall Brantling; Obremskey, William T.
PUB. DATE
July 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Jul2007, Vol. 89-A Issue 7, p1605
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article focuses on the available evidence regarding the use of preoperative antibiotics before elective and emergent orthopedic operations, preoperative skin preparation of the patient and surgeon, and use of dressings in the hope that it will help physicians to reduce the incidence of postoperative wound infection. They have provided a level-of-evidence grade for individual studies. Methods for determining levels of evidence were introduced.
ACCESSION #
25781174

 

Related Articles

  • Wound infection common after groin hernia repair.  // Nursing Standard;3/3/2004, Vol. 18 Issue 25, p10 

    Reports on Scottish research results which indicate that surgical site infection following hernia repair is common. Need for large clinical trials to assess the use of prophylactic antibiotics; Need for post-discharge surveillance for 30 days to determine the true incidence of surgical site...

  • Better Prophylaxis Against Surgical Site Infection with Local as Well as Systemic Antibiotics: An in Vivo Study. Cavanaugh, Daniel L.; Berry, John; Yarboro, Seth R.; Dabners, Laurence E. // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Aug2009, Vol. 91-A Issue 8, p1907 

    Background: Prophylactic systemic antibiotics significantly lower the risk of postoperative infection, and injection of antibiotics directly into the wound cavity has been found to be even more effective. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of direct injection of antibiotics into a wound...

  • ANTIMICROBIAL PROPHYLAXIS TO PREVENT SURGICAL SITE INFECTION. Bernstein, Joseph; Meller, Menachem M. // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;May2006, Vol. 88-A Issue 5, p1149 

    The article presents guidelines on how antimicrobial prophylaxis can be administered to prevent or reduce the incidence of surgical site infection. A checklist on antimicrobial prophylaxis is incorporated into the time-out mandated by the U.S. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare...

  • Controversies in the Management of Open Fractures. O'Brien, C. L.; Menon, M.; Jomha, N. M. // Open Orthopaedics Journal;2014 Supplement, Vol. 8, p178 

    Open fractures are a common problem encountered by orthopaedic surgeons and comprise a broad spectrum of trauma. Management is guided by principle-based steps aimed at reducing the risk of gas gangrene or suppurative infections, whilst maintaining viability in a favourable soft tissue...

  • An Investigation into Perioperative Antibiotic Use during Lower Segment Caesarean Sections (LSCS) in Four Hospitals in Oman. Gunn, Brian; Ali, Sayed; Abdo-Rabbo, Ahmed; Suleiman, Batool // Oman Medical Journal;Jul2009, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p179 

    Objectives: This investigation aims to assess the current practice of antibiotic prophylaxis and its use in various types of surgery in Oman. Methods: A retrospective sample of 510 patients from four major hospitals were studied for the use of antibiotics in lower segment caesarean section...

  • Orthopaedic surgery complications.  // Pulse;9/12/2012, Vol. 72 Issue 29, p26 

    The article focuses on the complications associated with orthopedic surgery. It is noted that the most common post-operative complaint is pain. It is mentioned that it is common to have neurological deficits, especially post-operative paraesthesia over and just around a surgical scar. It is...

  • Prevention infection in orthopedic surgery implementation of the hemoprophylactic protocol. Osmanovic, Elvedin; Asceric, Mensura; Omerkic, Esed; Ljuca, Farid // HealthMed;2011, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p1308 

    Introduction: Antibiotic prophylaxis is defined as the use of antimicrobials in the absence of symptoms of infection, with the aim of preventing or reducing the incidence of infection after surgery. Aim: We analyzed the incidence of surgical wound infection in patients in whom a protection of...

  • Orthopaedic antimicrobial prophylaxis in the United Kingdom. Aujla, R.; Peysakhova, E.; Gulihar, A.; Taylor, G. // European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology;Jan2011, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p21 

    Using the Freedom of Information Act, a five-point questionnaire was sent to all NHS Trusts in the United Kingdom: Eighty two per cent of NHS Trusts in the UK who had an orthopaedic department replied. The top three antimicrobial prophylaxis regimes in orthopaedic surgery were cefuroxime alone...

  • Perioperative Infection Control: An Update for Patient Safety in Orthopedic Surgery. Gurkan, Ilksen; Wenz, James F. // Orthopedics;Apr2006, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p329 

    Discusses perioperative surgical site infection in orthopedic surgery. Information on the surgical site infection risk index by the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System; Risk factors for surgical site infection; Methods of reducing the prevalence of wound infection after...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics