TITLE

Testing organic solvents for the extraction from fish of sulfophenylcarboxylic acids, prior to determination by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

AUTHOR(S)
Álvarez-Muñoz, D.; Gómez-Parra, A.; González-Mazo, E.
PUB. DATE
July 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jul2007, Vol. 388 Issue 5/6, p1013
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present paper describes the use of different solvent mixtures to extract from fish various sulfophenylcarboxylic acids (SPCs of C6 to C13), and their originating compounds, linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS of C10 to C13). The analytical method utilized involves pressurized liquid extraction, followed by preconcentration of the samples, purification by solid-phase extraction, and finally identification and quantification of the target compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry using a system equipped with an electrospray interface operating in negative ion mode. The SPCs and LAS were extracted from spiked fish first with hexane to remove interference from fats, then with different mixtures of solvents: dichloromethane followed by methanol; 50:50 dichloromethane-methanol; and 30:70 dichloromethane-methanol. The LAS recoveries obtained with these three extraction options were high (between 68.5 and 80.8%); however, owing to the low percentages obtained for SPC homologues (13.5, 13.1, and 15.9%, respectively), another extraction procedure with methanol was developed in order to increase these recoveries. The percentage of recovery for total SPCs with the methanolic extraction was higher (90.1%), with a standard deviation of 9.9, and the LAS recoveries also increased (99.9%). Detection limits were between 1 and 22 ng g−1 for LAS, and between 1 and 58 ng g−1 for SPCs. Quantitation limits were between 4 and 73 ng g−1 for LAS, and between 2 and 193 ng g−1 for SPCs. This method has been applied to measure the biotransformation of 2ØC10 LAS (where Ø is a sulfophenyl group) in fish exposed in a flow-through system, and enabled the separation and identification of SPCs from 5ØC6 to 9ØC10.
ACCESSION #
25603356

 

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