Comparative evaluation of optical coherence tomography in glaucomatous, ocular hypertensive and normal eyes

Subbiah, Sujata; Sankarnarayanan, S.; Thomas, Philip A.; Jesudasan, C. A. Nelson; Nelson Jesudasan, C A
July 2007
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Jul2007, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p283
Academic Journal
journal article
Background: To correlate the findings of optical coherence tomography (OCT) evaluation of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness with visual field changes in glaucomatous, ocular hypertensive and normal eyes.Materials and Methods: Thirty consecutive normal, 30 consecutive ocular hypertensive and 30 consecutive glaucomatous eyes underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, including applanation tonometry, disc evaluation, (30-2) Humphrey field analyzer white on white (W/W) perimetry and short- wavelength automated perimetry. Thickness of the RNFL around the optic disc was determined with 3.4 mm diameter-wide OCT scans. Average and segmental RNFL thickness values were compared among all groups. A correlation was sought between global indices of perimetry and RNFL thickness.Results: Of the 90 eyes enrolled (mean age of patients 52.32+/-10.11 years), the mean RNFL thickness was significantly less in ocular hypertensive (82.87+/-17.21 mm; P =0.008 and glaucomatous eyes (52.95+/-31.10 microm; P < 0.001), than in normals (94.26+/-12.36 microm). The RNFL was significantly thinner inferiorly in glaucomatous eyes (64.41+/-43.68 microm; P<0.001). than in normals (120.15+/-14.32 microm) and ocular hypertensives (107.87+/-25.79 microm; P<0.001). Ocular hypertensives had thinner RNFL in the nasal, inferior and temporal quadrants (P<0.001) when compared to normals. Global indices in ocular hypertensives on SWAP showed Mean Deviation (MD) of 5.32+/-4.49, Pattern Standard Deviation (PSD) 3.83+/-1.59 and Corrected Pattern Standard Deviation (CPSD) 2.84+/-1.85. The RNFL thickness could not be significantly correlated with global indices of visual fields in ocular hypertensives.Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography is capable of detecting changes at the level of RNFL in ocular hypertensive eyes with normal appearance of discs and W/W perimetry fields.


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