TITLE

The syphilis outbreak in Northern Ireland

AUTHOR(S)
Emerson, C. R.; Lynch, A.; Fox, R.; Smyth, B.; Gray, S.; Dinsmore, W. W.; Maw, R. D.
PUB. DATE
June 2007
SOURCE
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2007, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p413
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Since the late 1990s, there has been a resurgence of infectious syphilis, with notable outbreaks in Brighton, Manchester, London and Dublin, predominately among men who have sex with men (MSM). We report a similar outbreak in Northern Ireland. Genitourinary (GU) medicine clinic attendees were assessed from 1 July 2000 to 30 June 2005 to identify those who met the agreed criteria for primary, secondary or early latent syphilis. In total, 161 individuals were diagnosed with syphilis and 121 were MSM. Sixteen individuals indicated a contact in Dublin as the likely source of infection. Thirty were identified through contact tracing. Over half contracted the infection through oral intercourse. Most (106) had one or two partners in the previous three months. Twelve cases were HIV positive (nine were aware of their status at the time of presumed infection). In conclusion, initially, cases acquired their infection in Dublin and, as the outbreak gained momentum, syphilis was contracted within Northern Ireland. The cohort was not generally associated with a high number of sexual contacts, multiple anonymous partners or specific locations. The challenge is to educate both patients and health-care professionals to sexual health issues; specifically, the risk associated with casual oral sex by MSM.
ACCESSION #
25534689

 

Related Articles

  • A syphilis outbreak: recent trends in infectious syphilis in Birmingham, UK, in 2005 and control strategies. Yarlagadda, S.; Acharya, S.; Goold, P.; Ward, D. J.; Ross, J. D. C. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2007, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p410 

    The objective of this study was to identify the demographic characteristics and sexual behaviour associated with primary, secondary and early latent syphilis in Birmingham and its epidemiologic and public health implications. All new patients diagnosed as having infectious syphilis in a...

  • Identifying opportunities for sexually transmitted infection prevention: analysis of critical points in the care pathways of patients with gonorrhoea. Abu-Rajab, K.; Scoular, A.; Church, S.; Connell, J.; Winter, A.; Hart, G. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Mar2009, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p170 

    We applied the principles of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) to systematically analyse the care pathway of patients diagnosed with gonorrhoea to identify potential intervention opportunities for preventive action. Data were collected on individuals with culture-positive...

  • VOICES: Yung's Story Internet dating can really "byte.".  // Empty Closet;Jun2004, Issue 369, pB12 

    Relates an experience on same-sex Internet dating. Importance of using condom in sexual intercourse among gays; Effects of sexually transmitted disease on the family.

  • STIs and same-sex practising people. Shane, Barbara C. // Africa Health;Mar2011, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p50 

    The article focuses on male same-sex studies in Africa. The study confirms that the term "men who have sex with men (MSM)" are much more likely to be HIV infected than the general population. It shows that MSM in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be highly infected with HIV and other sexually...

  • Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex‚Ķ. Flickinger, Kristin // Just Out;2/4/2011, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p44 

    The article presents the views of the author on the different forms of sex in the US. According to the author, penetration sex uses the tongue, fingers, and toys, oral sex occurs when the mouth is on the clit, and direct clitoral stimulation is sex. The author also mentions that lesbians are not...

  • Outbreak of Syphilis Among Men Who Have Sex With Men--Southern California, 2000.  // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;2/23/2001, Vol. 50 Issue 7, p117 

    Details a study which investigated the syphilis outbreak in southern California. Information on the disease; Increase in the number of syphilis cases among men who have sex with men (MSM); Median age of MSM case-patients; Sexual behavior of MSM; Results of the study.

  • Acute visual loss as a presenting manifestation of syphilis. Sivaram, M.; Radcliffe, K. W. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2007, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p429 

    A heterosexual man with acquired syphilis had an uncommon presentation in the form of acute visual loss. The unusual clinical presentation and a high cerebrospinal fluid lymphocyte count led to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Recognition of uncommon presentation of syphilis in the current...

  • School sex education, a process for evaluation: methodology and results. Mellanby, Alex R.; Phelps, Fran A.; Crichton, Nicola J.; Tripp, John H. // Health Education Research;Jun1996, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p205 

    This article presents information on a study related to the development of a questionnaire and methodology to evaluate sex education programmes. According to the author, the questionnaire determines information about students' views on sex education and their knowledge of risks related to sexual...

  • Syphilis outbreak in Walsall, UK: lessons for control and prevention. Arumainayagam, J.; Pallan, M. J.; Buckley, E.; Pugh, R. N.; White, D. G.; Morrall, I. A.; Morris, C.; Chandramani, S. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jan2007, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p55 

    An assessment of risk-taking behaviour among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending a sauna venue was undertaken, using a standardized questionnaire, after which outreach screening was introduced targeting MSM. The epidemiology of the continuing outbreak of syphilis was reviewed to determine...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics