Relationship of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis with obesity, exercise and Mediterranean diet in Spanish schoolchildren

Garcia-Marcos, Luis; Miner Canflanca, Izaskun; Bathes Garrido, Jose; Lopez-Silvarrey Varela, Angel; Garcia-Hernandez, Gloria; Guillen Grima, Francisco; Gonzalez-Diaz, Carlos; Carvajal-Urueña, Ignacio; Arnedo-Pena, Alberto; Busquets-Monge, Rosa M.; Morales Suarez-Varela, Maria; Blanco-Quiros, Aifredo
June 2007
Thorax;Jun2007, Vol. 62 Issue 6, p503
Academic Journal
Background: Although several studies have investigated the influence of diet on asthma in schoolchildren, none of them has evaluated how obesity can modify this effect. A study was undertaken to evaluate the association of various foods and a Mediterranean diet with the prevalence of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, adjusting for obesity and exercise. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 20 106 schoolchildren aged 6-7 years from eight Spanish cities. Using the ISAAC phase III questionnaire, parents reported chest and nose symptoms, food intake, weight, height and other factors, including exercise. A Mediterranean diet score was developed. A distinction was made between current occasional asthma (COA) and current severe asthma (CSA). Results: Independent of the amount of exercise, each Mediterranean score unit had a small but protective effect on CSA in girls (adjusted OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.82 to 0.98). Exercise was a protective factor for COA and rhinoconjunctivitis in girls and boys (the more exercise, the more protection). Obesity was a risk factor for CSA in girls (adjusted OR 2.35, 95% Cl 1.51 to 3.64). Individually, a more frequent intake (1-2 times/week and ⩾3 times/week vs never/occasionally) of seafood (adjusted ORs 0.63 (95% CI 0.44 to 0.91) and 0.53 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.80)) and cereals (adjusted OR 0.56 (95% CI 0.30 to 1.02) and 0.39 (95% CI 0.23 to 0.68)) were protective factors for CSA, while fast food was a risk factor (adjusted ORs 1.64(95% Cl 1.28 to 2.10) and 2.26 (95% CI 1.09 to 4.68)). Seafood (adjusted ORs 0.74 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.92) and 0.67(95% CI 0.53 to 0.85)) and fruit (adjusted ORs 0.76 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.97) and 0.71 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.88)) were protective factors for rhinoconjunctivitis. Conclusions: A Mediterranean diet has a potentially protective effect in girls aged 6-7 years with CSA. Obesity is a risk factor for this type of asthma only in girls.


Related Articles

  • DIETARY INTAKES, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, AND PREDICTORS OF CHILD OBESITY AMONG 4-6th GRADERS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Humeníková, Lenka; Gates, Gail E. // Central European Journal of Public Health;2007, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p23 

    The prevalence of child obesity in the Czech Republic has increased in the last several years, especially among school-aged children. While obesity trends are closely monitored in the Czech Republic, very little is known about the dietary habits and exercise behaviors of Czech children. The...

  • Mechanisms of Maladaptation to Physical Exercise in Moscow Schoolchildren. Burdyukova, E.; Pustovalov, D.; Oranskaya, A.; Pertsov, S.; Gurevich, K. // Bulletin of Experimental Biology & Medicine;Aug2012, Vol. 153 Issue 4, p428 

    Schoolchildren overloaded with learning do not have time to exercise and often have hypodynamia. Namely they show primarily such negative effects of hypokinesia as incorrect posture, insufficient muscular development, and obesity. Lack of physical activity has acute effect on the formation of...

  • Better Choices for Children. Sandor, Steven // Avenue: Edmonton;Aug2015, p68 

    The article focuses on a study conducted by Sangita Sharma, a University of Alberta expert on nutrition, on knowledge about nutrition and exercise among the public school children in Edmonton, Alberta and mentions that the study showed that 17.6 per cent of the kids were overweight.

  • Battle Over the Brown Bags.  // Current Health Kids;Mar2012, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p4 

    The article presents information on the rising strict food or lunch policies in the U.S. schools to deal with child obesity issue, like Children's Success Academy in Arizona, and Little Village Academy in Chicago.

  • A MATTER of OPINION.  // American Vegetable Grower;Jan2012, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p32 

    The article discusses how the U.S. and Mexican governments are dealing with the issue of obesity and how this affects the agricultural sector. Obesity, especially among the youth, is seen to be tied to consumption of fast food, sugary snacks, and high-carbohydrate items. In order to counter this...

  • Texas leads the way for healthy schools.  // Graham Leader;10/14/2012, Vol. 137 Issue 17, p4A 

    The author reflects on the nutrition policy of Texas public schools to curb childhood obesity and limit the use of sugar, fat and fried foods in school children.

  • Childhood Nutrition--Preventing Obesity, Vol. 3: Healthy Habits for Kids.  // School Library Journal;Oct2006 Supplement, Vol. 52, p34 

    This article provides a review of the children's DVD "Childhood Nutrition--Preventing Obesity."

  • Get Out and Play! Layden, Tim // Sports Illustrated; 

    The article discusses the efforts of health experts and gym teachers to introduce children to the benefits of exercise, in light of the alarming rate of overweight school-age children. The kids got up long before sunrise and went to school early because some grown-ups had offered them a chance...

  • US battles the bulge. McMillan, Steve // PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News;3/20/2010, Issue 599, p3 

    The article discusses studies which show that obesity in the U.S. has become a serious problem. It states that campaigns which encourage people to eat healthy foods and exercise regularly are not effective. Though cited studies show that the number of overweight adults has reached a plateau,...


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics