Male Knowledge, Attitudes, and Family Planning Practices in Northern Nigeria

Duze, Mustapha C.; Mohammed, Ismaila Z.
December 2006
African Journal of Reproductive Health;Dec2006, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p53
Academic Journal
This paper examines the linkages between socioeconomic characteristics, attitudes, and familial contraceptive use. Past family planning programs in Nigeria have been mainly directed toward women. However, because northern Nigeria (and to a slightly lesser extent all of Nigeria) remains a patrilineal society characterised by early age at marriage for women, men at present continue to determine familial fertility and contraceptive decisions. Consequently, at least for the time period relevant for current policy planning purposes, the willingness of husbands to adopt or allow their spouses to use family planning practices will determine the pace of fertility reduction in Nigeria. The results suggest that there is high knowledge of contraceptives, a generally negative attitude towards limiting family size for economic reasons, and consequently low rates of contraceptive use. Respondents who were willing to use contraceptives were more willing to use them for child spacing purposes than explicitly for limiting family size. Path-analytic decompositions of the effects of predictor variables show that education has the largest direct and total effects on contraceptive use while specific knowledge of contraceptives has the smallest direct and total effect (as well as a paradoxical negative direct effect when education is included in the model). Most importantly, attitudes have the largest direct effect on contraceptive use with a standardized coefficient value of 781. Thus, since knowledge of contraceptive is already high among even those respondents who do not use contraceptives, the attitudes of males are especially important for decisions about contraceptive use. As a result, family planning programs that continue to focus solely on women will continue to achieve only limited successes in northern Nigeria (and likely in the many patrilineal societies where similar programs are pursued).


Related Articles

  • In Brazil, Women Who Lack Knowledge About Fertility Control Are Those Most Likely to Become Sterilized. Tamkins, T. // International Family Planning Perspectives;Jun2004, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p102 

    Reports that women in Brazil with less knowledge about fertility control are more likely to become sterilized according to survey findings in 1996. Explanation of factors that contribute to the high use of sterilization among Brazilian women; Strength of association between sterilization and...

  • Effects of Echeveria gibbiflora on Human Sperm.  // Fertility Weekly;1/27/2003, p18 

    Examines the effects of Echeveria gibbiflora (PFEG) as a male contraceptive agent. Safety profile in terms of general adverse events; Mechanism of action; Behavior of human sperm acting as a sensitive hypotonic model in the presence of PFEG from the aqueous crude extract.

  • Fifty Years of Family Planning: New Evidence on the Long-Run Effects of Increasing Access to Contraception. BAILEY, MARTHA J. // Brookings Papers on Economic Activity;Spring2013, p341 

    This paper assembles new evidence on some of the longerterm benefits of U.S. family planning policies, defined in this paper as those increasing legal or financial access to modern contraceptives. The analysis leverages two large policy changes that occurred during the 1960s and 1970s: first,...

  • Family planning services quality as a determinant of use of IUD in Egypt. Hong, Rathavuth; Montana, Livia; Mishra, Vinod // BMC Health Services Research;2006, Vol. 6, p79 

    Background: Both availability and quality of family planning services are believed to have contributed to increasing contraceptive use and declining fertility rates in developing countries. Yet, there is limited empirical evidence to show the relationship between the quality of family planning...


    The article identifies the important predictors of adoption and continued practice of contraception among women who enrolled in Philippine family planning clinics in 1970. The present investigation attempts to document the effects of the demographic, social, and cultural background factors as...

  • FAMILY PLANNING AND FERTILITY IN TUNISIA. Lapham, Robert J. // Demography;May1970, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p241 

    The crude birth rate for the Tunisian population in 1967-68 is estimated to be about ten percent lower than in 1961-65 although the rates are subject to a wide margin of error. Unless the birth registration system is becoming steadily worse or unless the Tunisian population has been decreasing...

  • COS-IUI with One Follicle Is Preferred in Order to Reduce Multiple Pregnancy Rate.  // Fertility Weekly;4/3/2006, p7 

    The article reports on research conducted in Netherlands that patients with unexplained fertility who go through controlled ovarian simulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI) should have only one follicle induced to diminish the number of multiple pregnancies, as published in the 2006...

  • HIV CONTRIBUTES TO FERTILITY DECLINE IN ZIMBABWE.  // International Family Planning Perspectives;Dec2003, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p156 

    Points out that HIV infection may account for one-quarter of the fertility decline in Zimbabwe since the late 1980s. Analysis of data from a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Manicaland province between July 1998 and January 2000; Percentage of women who had practiced...

  • Unmet Need and Unintended Fertility: Longitudinal Evidence from Upper Egypt. Casterline, John B.; El-Zanaty, Fatma; El-Zeini, Laila O. // International Family Planning Perspectives;Dec2003, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p158 

    CONTEXT: Although unmet need for family planning is a standard measure for evaluating programs' effectiveness in meeting the reproductive needs of individuals, its validity and accuracy in identifying women most at risk of unintended pregnancy have been questioned. METHODS: Women who...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics