Change in the total and independent effects of education and occupational social class on mortalily: analyses of all Finnish men and women in the period 1971-2000

Martikainen, Pekka; Blomgren, Jenni; Valkonen, Tapani
June 2007
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jun2007, Vol. 61 Issue 6, p499
Academic Journal
Objectives: To estimate changes in the total and independent effects of education and occupational social class on mortality over 30 years, and to assess the causes of changes in the independent effects. Methods: Census records linked with death records for 1971–2000 for all Finns aged 30–59 years were studied. The total and independent effects of education and social class on mortality were calculated from relative risks in nested Poisson regression models. Results: Among men and women, the model shows that the total effects of education, and particularly occupational social class on mortality, have increased over time. Among 40–59-year-old people, the effects of education are currently less independent of social class than in the 1970s, but among younger Finns the independent effects have remained stable. The effects of social class on mortality that are independent of education have grown among people of older ages, particularly among men. Conclusions: Changes in the independent effects of socioeconomic measures on mortality are determined by changes in their associations with mortality, and distributional changes that affect the strength of the associations between these measures. Distributional changes are driven by changes in educational systems and labour markets, and are of major importance for the understanding of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality.


Related Articles

  • SOZIALE LAGE, LEBENSSTIL UND FREIZEITAKTIVITÄT VON ERWERBSTÄTIGEN IN DER SCHWEIZ. Stamm, Hanspeter; Lamprecht, Markus // Swiss Journal of Sociology;1996, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p507 

    The relationship between position in stratification, work situation and the choice of leisure has traditionally been a major area of research in leisure studies. Whereas the empirical evidence of the 1960s and early 1970s suggested that there was a strong connection between leisure and...

  • The standardised admission ratio for measuring widening participation in medical schools: analysis of UK medical school admissions by ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and sex. Seyan, Kieran; Greenhalgh, Trisha; Dorling, Danny // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);6/26/2004, Vol. 328 Issue 7455, p1545 

    Presents a standardised admission ratio for measuring widening participation in British medical schools. How there is currently no system in place by which medical schools can measure their accountability to widen the acceptability of students for higher education; Reporting of students by...

  • Lack of basic and luxury goods and health-related dysfunction in older persons; findings from the longitudinal SMILE study. Groffen, Daniëlle A. I.; Bosma, Hans; van den Akker, Marjan; Kempen, Gertrudis I. J. M.; van Eijk, Jacques T. M. // BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p242 

    Background: More so than the traditional socioeconomic indicators, such as education and income, wealth reflects the accumulation of resources and makes socioeconomic ranking manifest and explicitly visible to the outside world. While the lack of basic goods, such as a refrigerator, may affect...

  • JARGON BUSTER: C2DE households.  // Children & Young People Now (Haymarket Business Publications Ltd;7/16/2009, p24 

    The article provides information on the C2DE, a common market research term used to describe the working classes. The term is came from a British government report comparing different socio-economic levels. C2DE is based on a system created by the National Readership Survey, which was originally...

  • The Study of Social and Cultural Factors Effective on Lawbreaking (Case Study: Citizens of Sanandaj City in Iran). Ahmadi, Yaaghob; Shahmohamadi, Anwar // European Journal of Social Sciences;Mar2011, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p379 

    The purpose of this paper is formulating the situation of law aversion with emphasis on social and cultural factors. To achieve the purpose mentioned above, questionnaire survey method is used. In this research are examined impacts of some social and cultural factors such as Attitude to law,...

  • THE SOVIET INTELLIGENTSIA.  // Foreign Affairs;Oct57, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p122 

    In the Soviet Union today, one finds the conditions that are often found to prevail in organizations in which degrees and types of responsibility are very sharply defined -- strictly disciplined schools, armies or other rigid hierarchies in which the differences between the governors and the...

  • BRIDGING SOCIAL GAPS IN THE NIGER DELTA: A RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVE. Essien, Anthonia M. // Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business;Jun2011, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p68 

    Religion has very powerful influence in the lives of the people of the Niger Delta as it is in most parts of Africa. Therefore, this paper presents the religious perspective in bridging the gaps created by the problems of kidnappings in the Niger Delta. A total of 1100 questionnaires were...

  • A Dirge for Social Climbers. Fussell, Paul // New Republic;7/19/80, Vol. 183 Issue 3, p18 

    The article discusses the immutability of social classes in the U.S. The quasi-official division of the population into the economic classes, high-, middle-, and low-income groups, misses the point because as a class indicator the source of money is almost as significant as the amount. The...

  • AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SOCIAL CLASS AWARENESS. Haer, John L. // Social Forces;Dec57, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p117 

    The article presents a study related to the social class awareness in the United States. The study seeks to delineate the social class awareness of a southern city by describing the variety and extent of perceptions of social class existing in the white adult population, and relating differences...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics