TITLE

BMP-14 Gene Therapy Increases Tendon Tensile Strength in a Rat Model of Achilles Tendon Injury

AUTHOR(S)
Bolt, Patrick; Clerk, Avnish Neil; Luu, Hue H.; Quan Kang; Kunimer, Jennifer L.; Zhong-Liang Deng; Olson, Kirstina; Primus, Frank; Montag, Anthony G.; Tong-Chuan He; Haydon, Rex C.; Toolan, Brian C.
PUB. DATE
June 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Jun2007, Vol. 89-A Issue 6, p1315
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Molecular and cellular-based enhancements of healing combined with conventional methods may yield better outcomes after the surgical management of tendon injury. We examined the histological and biomechanical effects of adenovirus-mediated transgene expression of bone morphogenetic protein-14 (BMP-14) on healing in a rat Achilles tendon laceration model. Specifically, we hypothesized that this delivery system for gene therapy would hasten the restoration of the normal histological appearance and tensile strength of a surgically repaired tendon. Methods: The right Achilles tendon of ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats was transected, repaired, and immediately infected with adenovirus expressing either the gene for green fluorescent protein (AdGFP) or the gene for human BMP-14 and green fluorescent protein (AdBMP-14). A sham control group received no viral-mediated infection after repair. Animals from each of the three groups were killed at one, two, and three weeks after surgery. The retrieved tendons were inspected, examined under light and fluorescent microscopy, and tested to determine their tensile strength. Results: Tendons transduced with BMP-14 exhibited less visible gapping, a greater number of neotenocytes at the site of healing, and 70% greater tensile strength than did either those transduced with GFP or the sham controls at two weeks after repair. Histological examination revealed no inflammatory response to the adenovirus in tendons transduced with BMP-14 or GFP No ectopic bone or cartilage formed in the tendons transduced with BMP-14. Conclusions: Adenovirus-mediated gene therapy with BMP-14 expedites tendon-healing in this animal model. No adverse immunological response to the adenoviral vector was detected in the host tissue, and the local production of BMP-14 did not induce unwelcome bone or cartilage formation within the healing tendon. Clinical Relevance: The results of this animal study suggest that gene therapy with BMPs may improve the capacity of injured musculoskeletal tissue to heal.
ACCESSION #
25315554

 

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