Retrieval of Moisture from Simulated GPS Slant-Path Water Vapor Observations Using 3DVAR with Anisotropic Recursive Filters

Liu, Haixia; Xue, Ming; Purser, R. James; Parrish, David F.
April 2007
Monthly Weather Review;Apr2007, Vol. 135 Issue 4, p1506
Academic Journal
Anisotropic recursive filters are implemented within a three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) framework to efficiently model the effect of flow-dependent background error covariance. The background error covariance is based on an estimated error field and on the idea of Riishøjgaard. In the anisotropic case, the background error pattern can be stretched or flattened in directions oblique to the alignment of the grid coordinates and is constructed by applying, at each point, six recursive filters along six directions corresponding, in general, to a special configuration of oblique lines of the grid. The recursive filters are much more efficient than corresponding explicit filters used in an earlier study and are therefore more suitable for real-time numerical weather prediction. A set of analysis experiments are conducted at a mesoscale resolution to examine the effectiveness of the 3DVAR system in analyzing simulated global positioning system (GPS) slant-path water vapor observations from ground-based GPS receivers and observations from collocated surface stations. It is shown that the analyses produced with recursive filters are at least as good as those with corresponding explicit filters. In some cases, the recursive filters actually perform better. The impact of flow-dependent background errors modeled using the anisotropic recursive filters is also examined. The use of anisotropic filters improves the analysis, especially in terms of finescale structures. The analysis system is found to be effective in the presence of typical observational errors. The sensitivity of isotropic and anisotropic recursive-filter analyses to the decorrelation scales is also examined systematically.


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