TITLE

A critical role of serum response factor in myofibroblast differentiation during experimental oesophageal ulcer healing in rats

AUTHOR(S)
Jianyuan Chai; Norng, Manith; Tarnawski, Andrzej S.; Chow, Justine
PUB. DATE
May 2007
SOURCE
Gut;May2007, Vol. 56 Issue 5, p621
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Myofibroblast differentiation is a key event during wound healing and is triggered primarily by transforming growth factor β (TGFβ). Serum response factor (SRF) is a TGFβ-inducible transcription factor that is important for wound healing. Injection of SRF expression plasmid into rat gastric ulcers significantly accelerated restoration of epithelium and smooth muscle structures. Aim: To determine the role of SRF in oesophageal ulcer healing, especially in myofibroblast differentiation. Subjects: Rats (in vivo), oesophageal epithelial cells (Het1A) and fibroblasts (Rat1-R12) (in vitro) were used. Methods: Oesophageal ulcers were induced in rats with acetic acid and subsequently treated by local injection of plasmids expressing either SRF or SRF antisense sequence. Rats were killed at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 14 days after treatment and tissues collected. For in vitro studies, both Het1A and Rat1-R12 cells were transfected with the plasmids used in ulcer treatment. Results: Upregulation of SRF increased the myofibroblast population in ulcer granulation tissue; knockdown of SRF suppressed this event. In addition, ulceration induced SRF and TGFβ expression coordinately. In vitro studies showed that overexpression of SRF in either oesophageal epithelial cells or fibroblasts was sufficient to induce myofibroblast phenotype. Furthermore, the TGFI3-induced myofibroblast phenotype required integrin-linked kinase (ILK)-mediated SRF activation, as either knockdown of SRF or inactivation of ILK prevented this action. Conclusions: SRF is indispensable for myofibroblast differentiation during oesophageal ulcer healing and is required for TGFβ-induced myofibroblast transition from either epithelial cells or fibroblasts. ILK is a mediator in TGFβ-induced SRF activation and subsequent myofibroblast differentiation. ILK is associated with SRF, and TGFβ enhances this association.
ACCESSION #
25298723

 

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