Imagery intervention with youth swimmers

Wilson, Wade; Munroe-Chandler, Krista J.; Hall, Craig R.
July 2007
Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology;Jul2007 Supplement, Vol. 29, pS215
Academic Journal
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of a 17-week imagery intervention (individualized and generic) that incorporated all five functions of imagery (Hall et al., 1998; CS, CG, MS, MG-M, MG-A) on young swimmers' subsequent use of imagery and confidence. The participants of this study were 23 youth swimmers aged 12-18 years from a local swim team. Athletes were randomly assigned to either a generic imagery script or an individualized imagery script. At baseline, participants completed questionnaires with respect to their frequency of imagery use (SIQ-C), confidence (CSAI-2C), and imagery ability (MIQ-R). At Weeks 8 and 14, the SIQ-C and the CSAI-2C were again completed by the athletes. Throughout the intervention, athletes were asked to review their imagery scripts and hand in a weekly log sheet. A MANOVA indicated that there was no main effect for the type of imagery script used and frequency of imagery use. Additionally, an ANOVA revealed no significant difference for the type of imagery script used and confidence. Further analysis indicated that CS and MG-A imagery increased over the course of the intervention. The present study offers some preliminary evidence with respect to individualized imagery scripts. Avenues for future research are discussed.


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